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Offer eller en problemkategori: En kritisk diskursanalys av hur EU-migranter skildras i svensk press
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Victims or a category of problems : A criticial discourse analysis of the depiction of EU-migrants in swedish press (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur EU-migranter framställs i de två mest spridda nyhetstidningarna i Sverige år 2015, Aftonbladet och Expressen. En kritisk diskursanalys användes som metod för att besvara studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Studiens teoretiska fundament utgjordes av socialkontruktionism, kritisk diskursanalys och teorier kopplade till andrafiering. Studiens huvudresultat visade att de två nyhetstidningarna beskrev EU-migranter som romer, bulgarer eller rumäner och som sjuka, fattiga samt utsatta levandes under osanitära förhållanden. Vidare så beskrevs att de protesterade och etablerade olagliga bosättningar. De framställdes som beroende av svenskars hjälp och att deras handlingsutrymme var begränsat. Tre diskurser hittades: Rättsdiskurs – med krav på lag och ordning gällande hanteringen av EU-migranter, Offerdiskurs – fokus på EU- migranternas utsatthet och hjälpbehov, samt Ansvarsdiskurs - vem bär ansvaret för att hjälpa EU-migranterna i deras situation. EU-migranter andrafierades som avvikande, onormala samt ett hot mot svensk lag, ordning och värderingar.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study was to examine how EU-migrants was depicted in the two top selling newspapers in Sweden year 2015, Aftonlandet and Expressen. A critical discourse analysis was used to answer the purpose and questions of the study. The theoretical foundation consists of social constructionism, critical discourse analysis and theories linked to otherness. The main result showed that the two newspapers described EU- migrants as romas, Bulgarians or Romanians and being sick, poor and vulnerable, living in unsanitary conditions, setting up illegal settlements. They were depicted as having limited agency and being dependent of the help from swedes. Three discourses were found: Legal discourse – demanding law and order in handling the EU-migrants, Victims discourse – focusing on the EU-migrants vulnerability and need of help, and Responsibility discourse – discussing who’s responsible for helping the EU-migrants out. EU-migrants was constructed as the other by portraying them as deviant and a threat to Swedish law, order and values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 52
Keywords [en]
Critical discourse analysis, Discourse, EU-migrants, Media, Otherness
Keywords [sv]
Andrafiering, Diskurs, EU-migranter, Kritisk diskursanalys, Media
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30728DiVA, id: diva2:1357476
Subject / course
Social work
Educational program
Social work
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-07 Created: 2019-10-04 Last updated: 2019-10-07Bibliographically approved

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