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Design of Bridgman unidirectional solidification furnace
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The thesis work consists of two parts. First, the development of two-dimensional numerical models of a Bridgman unidirectional solidification furnace, and second, the construction work of the furnace at KTH. The aim is to build a Bridgman furnace which is capable of close control over temperature gradient and growth rate such that the solidification structures of a duplex stainless steel (SAF2507) could be replicated at a laboratory scale for different cooling rates.Two numerical models of Bridgman furnace are created using COMSOL Multiphysics. The models are used as predictive tools to simulate the locations of solidification front and the temperature gradients at the solidification fronts, which are parameters difficult to access during experiments. Different hot zone temperatures of the furnace (1500~1550 °C) and different sample pulling rates (0.5~10 mm/s) are studied in simulations. The major finding from modeled results is that the temperature gradient of the sample at the solidification fronts range from 5 ~ 17 K/mm, which are lower than the furnace temperature gradient of ~50 K/mm. The corresponding steady-state cooling rates range between 5 ~ 85 K/s. The next step is to validate the models with experimental temperature profiles of the furnace, and decide whether the furnace design should be modified to achieve the cooling rates of interests.

Abstract [sv]

Examensarbetet består av två delar. Först utvecklingen av tvådimensionella numeriska modeller av en Bridgman enkelriktad stelningsugn, och för det andra konstruktionsarbetet för ugnen vid KTH. Syftet är att bygga en Bridgman-ugn som har förmåga att kontrollera temperaturgradienten och tillväxthastigheten så att stelningsstrukturerna i ett duplex-rostfritt stål (SAF2507) skulle kunna replikeras i laboratorieskala för olika kylningshastigheter. Två numeriska modeller av Bridgman-ugnen skapas med COMSOL Multiphysics. Modellerna används som prediktiva verktyg för att simulera placeringen av stelningsfronten och temperaturgradienterna vid stelningsfronterna, vilket är parametrar som är svåra att komma åt under experiment. Olika varmzonstemperaturer i ugnen (1500~1550 °C) och olika provdragningshastigheter (0.5~10 mm/s) studeras i simuleringar. Det viktigaste fyndet från modellerade resultat är att provets temperaturgradient vid stelningsfronterna sträcker sig från 5 ~17 K/mm, vilket är lägre än ugns temperaturgradient på ~ 50 K/mm. Motsvarande stabilitetskylningshastigheter varierar mellan 5 ~ 85 K/s. Nästa steg är att validera modellerna med experimentella temperaturprofiler för ugnen och bestämma om ugnsutformningen ska modifieras för att uppnå intressens kylningshastigheter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 165
Series
TRITA-ITM-EX ; 2019:582
Keywords [en]
Bridgman furnace, Unidirectional solidification, Temperature gradient, Cooling rates, Continuous casting, Duplex stainless steel
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261191OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261191DiVA, id: diva2:1357046
Educational program
Master of Science - Engineering Materials Science
Presentation
2019-08-23, Kuben, Brinellvägen 23, 100 44 Stockholm, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-08 Created: 2019-10-02 Last updated: 2019-10-08Bibliographically approved

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