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Convective overshoot and macroscopic diffusion in pure-hydrogen-atmosphere white dwarfs
Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
Univ Warwick, Dept Phys, Coventry CV4 7AL, W Midlands, England.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1225-8212
Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Landessternwarte, Konigstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
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2019 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 488, no 2, p. 2503-2522Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a theoretical description of macroscopic diffusion caused by convective overshoot in pure-hydrogen DA white dwarfs using 3D, closed-bottom, radiation hydrodynamics (COBOLD)-B-5 simulations. We rely on a new grid of deep 3D white dwarf models in the temperature range 11 400 <= T-eff <= 18 000 K where tracer particles and a tracer density are used to derive macroscopic diffusion coefficients driven by convective overshoot. These diffusion coefficients are compared to microscopic diffusion coefficients from 1D structures. We find that the mass of the fully mixed region is likely to increase by up to 2.5 orders of magnitude while inferred accretion rates increase by a more moderate order of magnitude. We present evidence that an increase in settling time of up to 2 orders of magnitude is to be expected, which is of significance for time-variability studies of polluted white dwarfs. Our grid also provides the most robust constraint on the onset of convective instabilities in DA white dwarfs to be in the effective temperature range from 18 000 to 18 250 K.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS , 2019. Vol. 488, no 2, p. 2503-2522
Keywords [en]
convection, hydrodynamics, white dwarfs
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-394063DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1759ISI: 000482332500071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-394063DiVA, id: diva2:1356774
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EU, Horizon 2020, 677706Available from: 2019-10-02 Created: 2019-10-02 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved

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