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Improvements and Validation of THUMS Upper Extremity: Refinements of the Elbow Joint for Improved Biofidelity
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Utveckling och validering av THUMS övre extremitet : Förfining av armbågen för bättre biofidelitet (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Introduction One out of five reported motor vehicle collision injuries occur to the upper extremities. Certain parts of The Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) lack validation against experimental data, including the elbow. The aim of this project is to refine and validate the elbow joint of THUMS, with focus on anatomical response of the elbow during axial impact applied to the wrist.

Methods Internal contacts in the elbow were modified and new contacts assigned between bones and ligaments of the elbow. The posterior part of the radial- and ulnar collateral ligaments, and joint capsule was implemented to the model. Elasticmodulus of the cortical bones of the elbow was increased as well as the shell thickness of the humeral cortical bone. The updated model was validated against an experiment where an axial load was applied to the wrist of a female cadaver. The experimental resultant force in the wrist was then compared with the wrist force obtained from the simulations.

Results The correlation between the experimental and simulation resultant wrist force for the updated model resulted in a CORA score of 0.882. This gave a 6.7% higher CORA score compared with the original model. Hourglass energy was reduced from 63.52% of internal energy to 0.78%. Energy ratio and contact energies indicated that the simulation was stable.

Discussion Movement of elbow bones was assessed to be more anatomically correct, by accounting for the posterior ligament and elbow capsule support. The contact peak force in the humerus was lower and occurred earlier in the simulation in the updated model compared to the original. This is believed to be due to the reduced gap between the elbow bones after increasing the shell thickness of the humeral cortical bone. The model setup resembled the experiment in a good manner.

Conclusion The upper extremity of THUMS was refined for improved biofidelity, with focus on the anatomical response of the elbow joint under an axial impact. However, further model improvements are suggested as well as extended validated against other experimental impact results.

Abstract [sv]

Introduktion En av fem rapporterade krockskador med motorfordon förekommer i de övre extremiteterna. Vissa strukturer hos Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS) saknar validering gentemot experimentell data, där armbågen är ett av dem. Syftet med detta projekt är att förfina och validera armbågsleden hos THUMS, med fokus på dess anatomiska respons under axiellt islag applicerad på handleden.

Metod Interna kontakter i armbågen modifierades och nya kontakter tilldelades mellan ben och ligament. De posteriora delarna av kollateral ligament hos radius och ulna implementerades i modellen, så även armbågens ledkapseln. Elasticitetsmodulen hos de kortikala benen i armbågen höjdes och skalets tjocklek idet humerala kortikala benet utökades. Den uppdaterade modellen validerades mot ett experiment där en axiell belastning hade applicerats mot en kvinnlig kadavers handled. Den resulterande kraften i handleden från experimentet jämfördes sedan med erhållen kraft i handleden från simuleringarna.

Resultat Korrelationen mellan den experimentella kraften och simulerade kraften hos den uppdaterade modellen resulterade i ett CORA-poäng på 0,882. Detta är en ökning med 6,7% jämfört med den ursprungliga modellen. Hourglassenergin reducerades från 63,52% av inre energi till 0,78%. Energiförhållandet och kontaktenergier indikerade stabil simulering.

Diskussion Rörelsen av armbågens ben bedömdes vara mer anatomiskt korrekt, med hänsyn till stödet från de posteriora ligamentet och armbågens ledkapsel. Den maximala islagskraften i humerus minskade och uppträdde tidigare i simuleringen hos den uppdaterade modellen jämfört med originalet. Detta tros bero på reducerat avstånd mellan armbågens ben genom ökandet av skaltjockleken hos det humeralakortikala benet. Modelluppställningen motsvarade experimentets uppställning.

Konklusion De övre extremiteterna av THUMS förfinades i syfte att förbättra biofideliteten. Fokus låg på armbågens anatomiska respons under ett axielltislag. Både ytterligare förbättringar av modellen och utökad validering mot andra experimentella islag rekommenderas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 66
Series
TRITA-CBH-GRU ; 2019:075
Keywords [en]
Upper extremity, elbow, biofidelity, validation, Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS), Finite Element Modeling (FEM)
Keywords [sv]
Övre extremitet, armbåge, biofidelitet, validering, Total HUman Model for Safety (THUMS), Finite Element Modellering (FEM)
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261099OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261099DiVA, id: diva2:1356550
External cooperation
Autoliv; Volvo
Subject / course
Medical Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Medical Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
TechnologyAvailable from: 2019-10-04 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-04Bibliographically approved

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