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Management of ASR affected spillway structures at Kafue Gorge, Zambia
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6840-9986
Sweco.
Zesco.
2019 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Kafue Gorge dam along Kafue River in Zambia was commissioned in 1971. In 1988 one of the spillway gates was jammed due to concrete expansion. Measures were taken, but signs of expansion and cracking continued. After rehabilitation works on one of the spillway gates in 2011 five stop-logs were stuck in position due to concrete expansion. In 2012, ZESCO and SWECO performed an in-depth assessment of the spillway structure with crack mapping and core sampling. Extensive cracking on the upstream side of the spillway piers with crack widths of up to 30 mm was found under water. Concrete analysis verified ongoing ASR. Numerical simulations on the behavior of the dam (with major cracks and ASR-expansion) showed that there was a need for stabilizing measures. SWECO designed remedial measures to restore full integrity of the dam and resolve the problem with the jammed stop-logs that caused reduced discharge capacity. During 2019 post-tensioned tendons are installed to ensure a monolithic behavior of the structure and improve the stability. All major cracks will be sealed to reduce the contact area of concrete and water. Finally, the jammed stop-logs will be removed to restore the discharge capacity of the spillway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260980ISBN: 978-0-367-33422-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260980DiVA, id: diva2:1356290
Conference
ICOLD Symposium, June 9-14, Ottawa, Canada, 2019
Note

QC 20191022

Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(533 kB)11 downloads
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