Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A Study of Various Parameters Affecting Adhesion of Coatings to Metal Substrates
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
En studie av olika parametrar som påverkar ytbeläggningars adhesion till metallsubstrat (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The adhesion of coatings is of high importance in the coating industry and a more thorough understanding of adhesion behavior is required. In this thesis work, seven parameters affecting adhesion of silane-modified poly(urethane urea) (PUSi) coatings on pretreated steel and aluminum substrates were studied. These parameters include substrate type, dry film thickness (20-30 and 60-70 μm), solid content (40, 60, and 70 wt%), resin ratio between two different types of PUSi (PUSi-A: PUSi-B = 70:30, 50:50, and 30:70 wt ratio), crosslinking density, additive, and curing condition. The different pretreatments of substrates include solvent wiping, sandblasting, phosphating, and galvanizing. A commercial paint product (‘yellow topcoat’) was used as a reference for the study of substrates and additives. Several formulations of clearcoat, prepared from the same PUSi resins as the commercial paint product, were mainly used in every experiment. The obtained coatings were tested for their adhesion properties using cross hatch adhesion test, bending test, and humidity resistance test. The film hardness and thermo-mechanical properties were evaluated with König pendulum hardness test and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA), respectively. Surface energies of all substrates were analyzed with Contact Angle Measurement (CAM). The PUSi-A and PUSi-B resins used in the coating formulations were characterized with Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Size-Exclusion Chromatography (SEC), and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). The results showed a correlation between poor adhesion properties and the relatively low surface energies of some substrates, namely cold-rolled steel (CRS), industrial ACE aluminum, and standard Q aluminum. The use of silane-functional crosslinking agent and silane adhesion promoters in the coatings has greatly enhanced adhesion. The increase in film hardness via increased crosslinking density also did not hinder the adhesion due to the presence of silane groups in the crosslinker. Additionally, increased time and temperature during curing showed positive effects. However, the variation of resin ratio, solid content, and film thickness did not offer significant adhesion improvement in this study.

Abstract [sv]

Adhesionsegenskaperna hos ytbeläggningar är av stor betydelse i färg- och lackindustrin och en djupare förståelse av vidhäftning är av stor betydelse. I detta uppsatsarbete studerades sju parametrar som påverkar vidhäftning av silanmodifierad poly(uretan-urea) (PUSi)-beläggningar på stål- och aluminiumsubstrat. Dessa parametrar inkluderar substrattyp, torr filmtjocklek (20-30 och 60-70 μm), torrhalt (40, 60 och 70 viktprocent), mängdförhållandet mellan två olika typer av PUSi (PUSi-A: PUSi-B = 70:30, 50:50 och 30:70 viktprocent), tvärbindningsdensitet, tillsatsmedel och härdningsbetingelser. Förbehandlingen av substraten inkluderar lösningsmedelsavtorkning, sandblästring, fosfatering och galvanisering. En kommersiell ytbehandlingsprodukt innehållandes gula pigment (gul topplack) användes som referens. Flera formuleringar av klarlack, framställda av samma PUSi-hartser som den kommersiella produkten, användes i det experimentella arbetet. Beläggningarna testades med avseende på deras vidhäftningsegenskaper med ’cross-hatch’-test, böjningstest och fuktbeständighetstest. Filmhårdhet och termomekaniska egenskaper utvärderades med König pendelhårdhetstest respektive Dynamisk Mekanisk Analys (DMA). Ytenergier för alla substrat analyserades med kontaktvinkelmätning (CAM). PUSi-A- och PUSi-B-hartserna som användes i ytbeläggningarna karaktäriserades med Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Size-Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) och Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). Resultaten visade en korrelation mellan dålig vidhäftning och låga ytenergier för vissa underlag, främst kallvalsat stål (CRS), industriellt ACE-aluminium och standard Q-aluminium. Användningen av silan-funktionell tvärbindare och en silan-baserad primer förbättrade vidhäftningen avsevärt. Ökningen i filmhårdhet genom högre tvärbindningsdensitet resulterade inte i sämre vidhäftning eftersom tvärbindaren innehåller silan-grupper vilket bidrog till att upprätthålla vidhäftningen. Längre tid och högre temperatur vid härdning gav generellt bättre vidhäftning, liksom tillsats av urea. Att variera mängden bindemedel, torrhalt eller filmtjocklek gav inte någon signifikant påverkan på vidhäftning i denna studie.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
adhesion; coatings; metal substrates; silanes; polyurethanes; surface energy; crosslinking agent, adhesion promoters
Keywords [sv]
vidhäftning; beläggningar; metallunderlag; silaner; polyuretaner; ytenergi; tvärbindningsmedel, vidhäftningspromotor
National Category
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-261068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-261068DiVA, id: diva2:1356276
External cooperation
Beckers Group
Educational program
Degree of Master - Macromolecular Materials
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2821 kB)6 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2821 kBChecksum SHA-512
a4e6fb70959dde8195479399eaa8837fe4fe0f51f7774afab10d21835d96507f6f06dbdcf27d19b637f583690dd58c222cdd5a02b1decd02323c5a0f3fa85e60
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH)
Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 6 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 40 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf