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Two-Level Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm for Risk-Based Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1967-6604
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the fields in science and engineering and encompasses a wide variety of subfields, ranging from general areas (learning and perception) to specific topics, such as mathematical theorems. AI and, specifically, multi-objective genetic algorithms (MOGAs) for risk-based life cycle cost (LCC) analysis should be performed to estimate the optimal replacement time of tunnel fan systems, with a view towards reducing the ownership cost and the risk cost and increasing company profitability from an economic point of view. MOGA can create systems that are capable of solving problems that AI and LCC analyses cannot accomplish alone.

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a two-level MOGA method for optimizing the replacement time of reparable system. MOGA should be useful for machinery in general and specifically for reparable system. This objective will be achieved by developing a system that includes a smart combination of techniques by integrating MOGA to yield the optimized replacement time. Another measure to achieve this purpose is implementing MOGA in clustering and imputing missing data to obtain cost data, which could help to provide proper data to forecast cost data for optimization and to identify the optimal replacement time.

In the first stage, a two-level MOGA is proposed to optimize clustering to reduce and impute missing cost data. Level one uses a MOGA based on fuzzy c-means to cluster cost data objects based on three main indices. The first is cluster centre outliers; the second is the compactness and separation ( ) of the data points and cluster centres; the third is the intensity of data points belonging to the derived clusters. Level two uses MOGA to impute the missing cost data by using a valid data period from that are reduced data in size. In the second stage, a two-level MOGA is proposed to optimize time series forecasting. Level one implements MOGA based on either an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model or a dynamic regression (DR) model. Level two utilizes a MOGA based on different forecasting error rates to identify proper forecasting. These models are applied to simulated data for evaluation since there is no control of the influenced parameters in all of the real cost data. In the final stage, a two-level MOGA is employed to optimize risk-based LCC analysis to find the optimal replacement time for reparable system. Level one uses a MOGA based on a risk model to provide a variation of risk percentages, while level two uses a MOGA based on an LCC model to estimate the optimal reparable system replacement time.

The results of the first stage show the best cluster centre optimization for data clustering with low  and high intensity. Three cluster centres were selected because these centres have a geometry that is suitable for the highest data reduction of 27%. The best optimized interval is used for imputing missing data. The results of the second stage show the drawbacks of time series forecasting using a MOGA based on the DR model. The MOGA based on the ARIMA model yields better forecasting results. The results of the final stage show the drawbacks of the MOGA based on a risk-based LCC model regarding its estimation. However, the risk-based LCC model offers the possibility of optimizing the replacement schedule.

However, MOGA is highly promising for allowing optimization compared with other methods that were investigated in the present thesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2019. , p. 141
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords [en]
Artificial intelligence (AI), Life cycle cost (LCC), Machine learning (ML), Multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA), Risk-based life cycle cost (LCC), Tunnel fans, Two-level system.
National Category
Computer Sciences Reliability and Maintenance Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Operation and Maintenance
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76172ISBN: 978-91-7790-454-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7790-455-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76172DiVA, id: diva2:1355722
Public defence
2019-12-06, F1031, Lulea, Porsön, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Data clustering and imputing using a two-level multi-objective genetic algorithms (GA): A case study of maintenance cost data for tunnel fans
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Data clustering and imputing using a two-level multi-objective genetic algorithms (GA): A case study of maintenance cost data for tunnel fans
2018 (English)In: Cogent Engineering, ISSN 2331-1916, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-16, article id 1513304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Data clustering captures natural structures in data consisting of a set of objects and groups similar data together. The derived clusters can be used for scale analysis and to posit missing data values in objects, as missing data have a negative effect on the computational validity of models. This study develops a new two-level multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) to optimize clustering in order to redact and impute missing cost data for fans used in road tunnels by the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket). The first level uses a multi-objective GA based on fuzzy c-means to cluster cost data objects based on three main indices. The first is cluster centre outliers; the second is the compactness and separation ( ) of the data points and cluster centres; the third is the intensity of data points belonging to the derived clusters. Our clustering model is validated using k-means clustering. The second level uses a multi-objective GA to impute the missing cost redacted data in size using a valid data period. The optimal population has a low , 0.1%, and a high intensity, 99%. It has three cluster centres, with the highest data reduction of 27%. These three cluster centres have a suitable geometry, so the cost data can be partitioned into relevant contents to be redacted for imputing. Our model show better clustering detection and evaluation compared with k-means. The amount of missing data for the two cost objects are: labour 57%, materials 81%. The second level shows highly correlated data (R-squared 0.99) after imputing the missing data objects. Therefore, multi-objective GA can cluster and impute data to derive complete data that can be used for better estimation of forecasting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Operation and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70375 (URN)10.1080/23311916.2018.1513304 (DOI)000444436800001 ()
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-10-08 (johcin) 

Available from: 2018-08-14 Created: 2018-08-14 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved
2. Time Series Forecasting using a Two-level Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm: A case study of cost data for tunnel fans
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time Series Forecasting using a Two-level Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm: A case study of cost data for tunnel fans
2018 (English)In: Algorithms, ISSN 1999-4893, Vol. 11, no 8, article id 123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to develop a novel two-level multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) to optimize time series forecasting data for fans used in road tunnels by the Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket). The first level is for the process of forecasting time series cost data, while the second level evaluates the forecasting. The first level implements either a multi-objective GA based on the ARIMA model or based on the dynamic regression model. The second level utilises a multi-objective GA based on different forecasting error rates to identify a proper forecasting. Our method is compared with the ARIMA model only. The results show the drawbacks of time series forecasting using the ARIMA model. In addition, the results of the two-level model show the drawbacks of forecasting using a multi-objective GA based on the dynamic regression model. A multi-objective GA based on the ARIMA model produces better forecasting results. In the second level, five forecasting accuracy functions help in selecting the best forecasting. Selecting a proper methodology for forecasting is based on the averages of the forecasted data, the historical data, the actual data and the polynomial trends. The forecasted data can be used for life cycle cost (LCC) analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
Keywords
ARIMA model, data forecasting, multi-objective genetic algorithm, regression model
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Operation and Maintenance
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70330 (URN)10.3390/a11080123 (DOI)000443614500015 ()2-s2.0-85052696396 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-14 (inah)

Available from: 2018-08-11 Created: 2018-08-11 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved

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