Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to pollution using two different vulnerability models in Halabja-Saidsadiq Basin, Iraq
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering. Groundwater Directorate of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, NE, Iraq..
Department of Geology, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, NE, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering. Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaimani, Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Iraq.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
2020 (English)In: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, ISSN 2352-801X, Vol. 10, article id 100276Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Groundwater aquifer in Halabja-Saidsadiq Basin considered as one of the most important aquifers in terms of water supplying in Kurdistan Region, NE of Iraq. The growing of economics, irrigation and agricultural activities inside the basin makes it of the main essentials to the region. Therefore, pollution of groundwater is of specific worry as groundwater resources are the principal source of water for drinking, agriculture, irrigation and industrial activities. Thus, the best and practical arrangement is to keep the pollution of groundwater through. The current study aims to evaluate of the vulnerability of groundwater aquifers of the study area. Two models were applied, to be specific VLDA and COP to develop maps of groundwater vulnerability for contamination. The VLDA model classified the area into four classes of vulnerability: low, moderate, high and very high with coverage area of (2%,44%,53% and 1%), respectively. While four vulnerability classes were accomplished dependent on COP model including very low, low, moderate and high vulnerability classes with coverage areas of (1%, 37%, 2% and 60%) respectively. To confirm the suitability of each map for assessment of groundwater vulnerability in the area, it required to be validated of the theoretical sympathetic of current hydrogeological conditions. In this study, groundwater age evaluated utilizing tritium isotopes investigation and applied it to validate the vulnerability results. Based on this validation, the outcome exhibits that the vulnerability classes acquired utilizing VLDA model are more predictable contrasted with the COP model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 10, article id 100276
Keywords [en]
Vulnerability, VLDA, COP, Halabja-Saidsadiq basin (HSB), Iraq
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics; Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76166DOI: 10.1016/j.gsd.2019.100276Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072644933OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-76166DiVA, id: diva2:1355591
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-10-01 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-09-30 Created: 2019-09-30 Last updated: 2019-10-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1739 kB)4 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1739 kBChecksum SHA-512
dffafb12e7e285b52620d04794ceeab98211f2327593803bc58de68f4a436253c606d6e4ed79d2971080e51637b80d77b8e5778c9ca6dbd81787787df8c9928e
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Abdullah, TwanaAl-Ansari, NadhirKnutsson, Sven
By organisation
Mining and Geotechnical Engineering
Engineering and TechnologyGeotechnical Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 25 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf