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Ensam är stark?: En studie om hur undersköterskor definierar, kartlägger och arbetar med ensamhet bland äldre på särskilt boende
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Lonely and strong? : A study about how assistant nurses define, chart and work with loneliness connected with aging (English)
Abstract [sv]

 Syftet med denna studie är att belysa hur arbetet mot ensamhet bland äldre ser ut och hur undersköterskor arbetar för att kartlägga äldres psykosociala behov med frågeställningar som handlar om hur ensamheten bland äldre synliggörs, hur undersköterskor arbetar för att kartlägga arbetet mot ensamhet utifrån värdegrunden och hur undersköterskorna bemöter äldre personer som upplever ensamhet. För att besvara dessa frågeställningar har sju semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts och sedan analyserats ur ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv. Resultatet av denna studie visar på att åldrande och ensamhet kan förstås utifrån fysiska begränsningar och ett minskat socialt kontaktnät. Arbetet med äldre och ensamhet utifrån socialstyrelsens värdegrund har visat sig vara en kombination av aktivitetsteorin och disengagemangsteorin i och med den personcentrerade vården utifrån mina intervjupersoners subjektiva uppfattningar. Värdegrundens tre mål som handlar om att skapa en personcentrerad vård, att respektera de äldre och att vårdpersonal ska ha en adekvat utbildning är behandlade utifrån mina intervjupersoners svar. Den personcentrerade vården och respekten för de äldre behandlas genom kontaktmannaskap, samtal med den äldre och anpassning av vårdinsatserna efter situation och individ. Det verkar dock vara en svårighet att kartlägga de äldres psykosociala omsorgsbehov utifrån värdegrundens riktlinjer i och med att undersköterskor har svårigheter att kommunicera med omsorgstagarna.

Abstract [en]

The aim with this study was to illuminate the work with loneliness among older people and how assistant nurses work to chart older peoples psychosocial needs with following framing of questions: How does loneliness appear among older people? How does assistant nurses work to chart the work with loneliness among older people according to socialstyrelsens values? How does assistant nurses work with loneliness among older people? To answer those questions, I used seven qualitative semi-structures interviews and then analyzed it from a hermeneutical perspective. With that background, I temathisized the interviews to the concepts aging and loneliness, work with charting of the work with loneliness among older people from Socialstyrelsens values, the teory of activity and the theory of disengagement. The results showed that loneliness among older people was understood through physical disabilities and a lack of social network according to the persons who was interviewed. The work with older people according to Socialstyrelsens values (SFS 2001:453) has shown to be a combination with the theory of activity and the theory of disengagement because of the individually oriented care. According to the three themes and goals of Socialstyrelsens values (SFS 2001:453) to create an individually oriented care, to respect older people and that the staff should have an adequate competence was partly processed according to my respondents answers. The individually oriented care and the respect for the older people were connected when the assistant nurses work with liaisonship, social interactions with the individual and adaptation of the care depending on the individual and situation. It also seems that there are some issues with the charting of older peoples psychosocial needs according to Socialstyrelsens values because of an communication problem between the caretakers and the assistant nurses according to the persons who were interviewed, which means that the goal about adequate education partly is processed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Loneliness, old people, Socialstyrelsens values, elderly care, assistant nurse, social work.
Keywords [sv]
Ensamhet, åldrande, värdegrund, äldreomsorg, undersköterska, socialt arbete.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40631DiVA, id: diva2:1355093
Subject / course
Social Work
Educational program
Work and Welfare, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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