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Establishing requirements for a gamified digital math tool in a South African township primary school: A case study based on gamification and interaction design
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

 This project is based on the desire to increase the understanding and knowledge of digital resource usage within the math education in South African townships. Digital education is considered to facilitate solutions for current shortcomings, yet knowledge and experience of the local circumstances are vital for successful implementation. Interviews, observations and analyses of existing games were used to define requirements regarding design and usability, which were implemented through prototypes and evaluated formatively. This study indicates that the requirements of an educational and stimulating digital tool are the most important and suggest consideration of feedback, gamification features, such as storytelling, as well as the balance of formal and informal settings. Furthermore, user characteristics heavily implies low complexity, few distractions and a logical structure. Requirements of appropriate level, in both language and content, also proved to be crucial. However, this demands further assessment before implementation. The developed tool was perceived as suitable and was accepted as a long-term solution to make better use of the current resources. Although the limited time and the difficulty to comprehend the users’ opinions bounded the conclusions, the established requirements are suggested to provide a solid foundation for further research.

Abstract [sv]

Detta projekt baseras på en strävan efter ökad förståelse och kunskap för digitala resurser inom matteundervisningen i sydafrikanska kåkstäder. Digital utbildning anses möjliggöra lösningar för nuvarande brister, men kunskap och erfarenhet om lokala förhållanden är avgörande för lyckad implementering. Intervjuer, observationer och analyser av existerande spel användes för att definiera design- och användbarhetskrav, vilka implementerades genom prototyper och utvärderas formativt. Denna studie indikerar att kraven om ett utbildande och stimulerande spel är de mest betydelsefulla och föreslår beaktning av återkoppling, inkludering av spelifiering, exempelvis i form av “storytelling”, samt en balans av formell och informell miljö. Vidare innebär användaregenskaper krav på låg komplexitet, få distraktioner och en logisk struktur. Krav på lämplig nivå, både i fråga om mattekunskap och språk, visade sig också vara vitalt. Dessa krav kräver dock vidare utvärdering inför implementering. Det utvecklade verktyget uppfattades som passande och accepterades som en långsiktig lösning för att bättre utnyttja nuvarande resurser. Trots att tidsbegränsningen och svårigheter att förstå användarnas åsikter begränsade slutsatserna, ger de etablerade kraven en solig grund för framtida forskning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 12
Series
TRITA-EECS-EX ; 2019:403
Keywords [en]
Interaction design, gamification, digital education, South African education, resource distribution
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260253OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260253DiVA, id: diva2:1354970
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-09 Created: 2019-09-26 Last updated: 2019-10-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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