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Automatic Feature Extraction for Human Activity Recognitionon the Edge
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis evaluates two methods for automatic feature extraction to classify the accelerometer data of periodic and sporadic human activities. The first method selects features using individual hypothesis tests and the second one is using a random forest classifier as an embedded feature selector. The hypothesis test was combined with a correlation filter in this study. Both methods used the same initial pool of automatically generated time series features. A decision tree classifier was used to perform the human activity recognition task for both methods.The possibility of running the developed model on a processor with limited computing power was taken into consideration when selecting methods for evaluation. The classification results showed that the random forest method was good at prioritizing among features. With 23 features selected it had a macro average F1 score of 0.84 and a weighted average F1 score of 0.93. The first method, however, only had a macro average F1 score of 0.40 and a weighted average F1 score of 0.63 when using the same number of features. In addition to the classification performance this thesis studies the potential business benefits that automation of feature extractioncan result in.

Abstract [sv]

Denna studie utvärderar två metoder som automatiskt extraherar features för att klassificera accelerometerdata från periodiska och sporadiska mänskliga aktiviteter. Den första metoden väljer features genom att använda individuella hypotestester och den andra metoden använder en random forest-klassificerare som en inbäddad feature-väljare. Hypotestestmetoden kombinerades med ett korrelationsfilter i denna studie. Båda metoderna använde samma initiala samling av automatiskt genererade features. En decision tree-klassificerare användes för att utföra klassificeringen av de mänskliga aktiviteterna för båda metoderna. Möjligheten att använda den slutliga modellen på en processor med begränsad hårdvarukapacitet togs i beaktning då studiens metoder valdes. Klassificeringsresultaten visade att random forest-metoden hade god förmåga att prioritera bland features. Med 23 utvalda features erhölls ett makromedelvärde av F1 score på 0,84 och ett viktat medelvärde av F1 score på 0,93. Hypotestestmetoden resulterade i ett makromedelvärde av F1 score på 0,40 och ett viktat medelvärde av F1 score på 0,63 då lika många features valdes ut. Utöver resultat kopplade till klassificeringsproblemet undersöker denna studie även potentiella affärsmässiga fördelar kopplade till automatisk extrahering av features.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Series
TRITA-EECS-EX ; 2019:280
Keywords [en]
Human Activity Recognition, Automatic Feature Extraction, Automatic Feature Selection, Automated Machine Learning, Random Forest Classifier, Hypothesis Test
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-260247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-260247DiVA, id: diva2:1354914
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Industrial Engineering and Management
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-26 Created: 2019-09-26

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CiteExportLink to record
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