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Crisis or transition? Risk and resilience during the Late Medieval agrarian crisis
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). (CRS)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0571-2624
2019 (English)In: Settlement change across medieval Europe: Old paradigms and new vistas. / [ed] Brady, Niall & Theune, Claudia, Leiden: Sidestone Press, 2019, p. 171-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the Viking Age and Early Middle Ages (c. 9th-13th centuries), outland-using peasants in the hilly and forested areas of inner Scandinavia were making a good living by producing commodities for sale in external markets. Some were using the outland intensively, relying on commodity production. Others used the outland extensively in diverse ways and balanced with agrarian activities. Trade networks broke down in the 13th century, and intensive outland-using peasants had to restructure their economy, placing greater emphasis on cereal cultivation and cattle breeding. The extensive outland-using peasants did not restructure their economy in the same way. The Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis with the Black Death brought death and the desertion of farmsteads. However, permanent desertion of settlements was not noticeable in intensive outland-using communities, whereas there are far more deserted settlements in extensive outland-using communities. These communities were less resilient than the intensive outland-using communities, who had built new capacities when restructuring the economy. Many of the deserted settlements appear to have come under the ownership of the vicarages, the only agents of feudalism in the investigated areas. Crisis feudalism appears to have been an important factor in permanent desertion after the Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Sidestone Press, 2019. p. 171-181
Series
Ruralia, ISSN 2565-8883 ; XII
Keywords [en]
Late Medieval Agrarian Crisis; risk; resilience; outland use; crisis feudalism.
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Risk and Environmental Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74835ISBN: 978-90-8890-806-4 (print)ISBN: 978-90-8890-807-1 (print)ISBN: 978-90-8890-808-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-74835DiVA, id: diva2:1353881
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-24 Last updated: 2019-10-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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