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The effect of neighbourhood social capital on child injuries: a gender-stratified analysis
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0108-4237
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2796-3547
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8944-2558
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health. Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institution of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0556-1483
2019 (English)In: Health & Place, Vol. 60, article id 102205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We designed a longitudinal retrospective cohort study to analyse the associations between neighbourhood social capital and child injures. Register data from the Umeå Simsam Lab in Sweden was used to measure child injuries and demographic and socioeconomic factors at individual, household and neighbourhood level. A social capital score from a previous survey was used to measure neighbourhood social capital. We conducted a three-level multilevel negative binomial regression analysis, with children (level 1, N = 77,193) nested within households (level 2, N = 10,465), and households nested within neighbourhoods (level 3, N = 49). The incidence rate of child injuries was lower in high social capital neighbourhoods. When controlling for factors at individual, household and neighbourhood levels, living in a high social capital neighbourhood was protective of injuries among girls, but not among boys. Promoting social capital in local neighbourhoods could be seen as a prevention strategy for injuries among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 60, article id 102205
Keywords [en]
Child injury, Social capital, Neighbourhood effects, Gender, Longitudinal analysis
National Category
Pediatrics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163497DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.102205PubMedID: 31546173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163497DiVA, id: diva2:1353503
Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved

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