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OPTIMERING AV STÅLKONSTRUKTIONER
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
OPTIMIZATION OF STEEL STRUCTURES (English)
Abstract [sv]

I rapporten undersöks om besparingar kan göras i projekteringsskedet av byggnadsverk. Undersökningen görs genom att sammanställa och analysera utnyttjandegraden av pelare i fyra stålhallar belägna i Örebroregionen. Syftet är att undersöka om besparingar går att göra och i sådant fall hur stora dessa är. Dimensioneringen har primärt genomförts i programmet Ramanalys, där varje pelare i de valda konstruktionerna har analyserats och dimensionerats enskilt. Laster som är beroende av ort, byggnadsutformning, placering med mera, har tagits fram med hjälp av Eurokod och tillhörande nationell bilaga, EKS. Laster på fackverk, installationer, tak- och väggkonstruktion har uppskattats då dessa dimensioneras av leverantörer. Uppskattningarna har gjorts med hjälp av leverantörernas snabbdimensioneringsprogram. Stommarna som har analyserats har varit av typen stålhallar. Optimeringen har begränsats till att gälla dessa stålhallars stompelare. Resultatet av denna undersökning visar att besparingar går att göra. I de fall som detta arbete har undersökt ligger de ekonomiska besparingarna på mellan 10-24%. Denna besparing ligger enbart på materialkostnadsdelen, vilket tydligt skall understrykas. Besparingen är alltså enbart på stålvikten och ingen hänsyn till övriga eventuellt uppkommande kostnader för transport, montering, extra nedlagd konstruktörstid osv. Genom att räkna för en högre utnyttjandegrad av ingående element kan man göra besparingar av material. I detta fall handlar det om stålvikt som kan reduceras genom att välja mer optimerade, dvs. slanka dimensioner. Utnyttjandegraderna i denna jämförelse hamnar då, på vissa element uppemot 98-99%. Slutsatsen av denna studie är att man kan räkna mer optimerat och på så sätt reducera materialvikter och sänka kostnaden där av.

Abstract [en]

This report investigates if there are savings to be made during the phase of construction planning. The study will be carried out through compiling and analyzing the capacity level of columns in four steel constructions situated in the region around Örebro. The Purpose is to study if there are savings to be made, and if so, how big these savings are. The design has mainly been carried out using the software Ramanalys, where every column in the construction has been analyzed and designed. Loads that are dependent on location, building design, topography etc have been calculated with the help of Eurocode and the associated national annex, EKS. Loads from trusses, installations, roofs and walls have been estimated as these are designed by suppliers. The estimations have been made using the quick-designing programs provided by the suppliers’ websites. The frames that have been analyzed are of the type steel constructions. The optimization has been limited to the columns in the frame of these constructions. The result of this study shows that savings can be made. In the constructions we have studied, the financial savings are between 10-24 %. These savings refer solely to the material cost of the component, which must be clearly emphasized. The savings are thus only on kilograms of steel and no account is taken for other possible incurred costs such as transport, assembly, extra time for the constructor etc. By calculating for a higher degree of utilization of the frame columns, one can save material that otherwise would have to be paid for. In this case steel weight that can be reduced by choosing slimmer and more optimized dimensions. The capacity levels in this comparison is on some elements utilized around 98-99 %. The conclusion of this study is that one can do more optimized designs and thus reduce material weights and lower the cost thereof.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 169
Keywords [en]
steel constructions, optimization, steel design
Keywords [sv]
stålkonstruktioner, optimering, ståldimensionering
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-76598DiVA, id: diva2:1353040
Subject / course
Construction Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-20 Created: 2019-09-20 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved

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