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TRÄNING OCH UPPLEVELSE AV TRÄNINGSINFORMATION TILL MOTIONSVANA GRAVIDA KVINNOR SOM TRÄNAR PÅ HÖGINTENSIV NIVÅ
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Section of Sports Medicine.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
EXERCISE AND PERCEPTION OF INFORMATION ABOUT EXERCISE FOR PREGNANT WOMEN WHO EXERCISE AT A HIGH INTENSITY LEVEL (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kvinnor tränar mer nu än tidigare och många av dessa blir även gravida. Träning under graviditet har många hälsofördelar. De flesta råd angående träning under graviditet handlar om träning på måttlig intensitet samt motverkande av graviditetskomplikationer. En del kvinnor tränar mer än dessa rekommendationer. Därav finns råd och rekommendationer för elitatleter samt forskning på högintensiv träning under graviditet. Det är dock oklart ifall dessa råd når ut till gravida kvinnor som tränar på högintensiv nivå.

Syfte: Att undersöka om träningsmängd förändrats under graviditet hos friska kvinnor som tränat på högintensiv nivå innan graviditeten, samt hur kvinnorna upplevt den information om träning de fått under graviditet och var de fått informationen.

Deltagare: Arton kvinnor (23–37 år) deltog i studien. Inklusionskriterier var förstföderska, gravid i tredje trimestern fram till fyra veckor postpartum, komplikationsfri graviditet och högintensiv träning minst tre gånger per vecka under minst ett år innan och fram till graviditeten, antingen kondition, styrka eller både och.   

Metod: Deltagarna besvarade en webbenkät med 23 frågor. Frågorna handlade om träningsmängd under graviditet samt den information om träning deltagarna fått under graviditet.

Resultat: De flesta kvinnorna minskade sin träningsmängd under graviditeten och många av kvinnorna saknade tillräcklig information för att kunna träna på önskad nivå. Information om träning kom främst från barnmorska.

Konklusion: Träningsmängd hos friska motionsvana gravida kvinnor har minskat under graviditeten samtidigt som kvinnorna saknade tillräcklig träningsinformation. Kvinnorna fick information om träning under graviditet främst från barnmorska. Det går inte att säga om avsaknaden av information har påverkat träningsmängden men det kan vara intressant att undersöka i framtida studier. Fortsatt forskning på högintensiv träning under graviditet behövs för att kunna ge tillräcklig information till högintensivt tränande gravida kvinnor.

Abstract [en]

Background: Women exercises more now than before, and many of them become pregnant. Exercise during pregnancy has many health benefits. Most advice about exercise during pregnancy is about exercise at a moderate intensity and prevention of pregnancy complications. Some women exercise more than these recommendations. There are advice and recommendations for elite athletes and research on high intensity exercise during pregnancy. Although it is unclear if these advice reaches pregnant women who exercises at a high intensity level.

Objective: To examine if the amount of exercise changed during pregnancy for healthy women who exercised at a high intensity level, how they had perceived the information about exercise during pregnancy they had received and where they got the information from.

Participants: Eighteen women (23–37 years) participated in the study. Criteria for inclusion were first time pregnancy, pregnant in the third trimester up until four weeks postpartum, pregnancy without complications and exercise at a high intensity at least three times a week during at least one year before and up until the pregnancy, either cardio, strength or both.

Method: The participants answered an online survey with 23 questions. The questions were about amount of exercise during pregnancy and the information about exercise the women had received during pregnancy.

Results: Most of the women decreased their amount of exercise during pregnancy and many of the women lacked adequate information to be able to exercise at desired level. Information about exercise came mainly from midwifes.

Conclusion: The amount of exercise in healthy exercising pregnant women have decreased during pregnancy at the same time as the women lacked adequate information about exercise. The women received information about exercise mainly from midwifes. It cannot be said if the lack of information has affected the amount of exercise but that would be interesting to investigate further in future studies. Continued research about high intensity exercise during pregnancy is needed to be able to give adequate information to pregnant women who exercises at a high intensity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 31
Keywords [en]
Pregnancy, High intensity training, Exercise advice, Women
Keywords [sv]
Graviditet, Högintensiv träning, Träningsråd, Kvinnor
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163335OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163335DiVA, id: diva2:1351912
Educational program
Physical Trainer Pogramme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-17 Created: 2019-09-17 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved

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