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I jordbrukets periferi: En studie om utvecklingen av agrar bebyggelse i marginella miljöer från stenåldern till järnåldern i Norra Sverige
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
In the periphery of agriculture : An approach to the development of agrarian farmsteads in marginal environments through the Stone Age to the Iron Age located in Northern Sweden (English)
Abstract [en]

The development and establishment of agriculture in Northern Sweden has since long been believed to appear during the Late Iron Age, close to the Viking period, but recent finds from the Bronze Age in Umeå has opened up new discussion of when agriculture first emerged. Although too early to discuss where and when it developed, the material currently available on the topic allows for discussion for how it developed. By looking at sediment and soil conditions surrounding the settlements in combination with palaeoenvironments and past climate one aim was to try and search for settlement patterns in relation to agricultural potential, this was however unsuccessful. Cultivation practices were analysed using weed and wetland flora as well as agricultural indicators in pollen diagrams. Most settlements appear to focus firstly on animal husbandry and secondarily on cultivating crops, and they might have because of their coastal positioning also relied on fishing. The results confirmed previous hypothesis about the development of agriculture and cultivation practices in Northern Sweden during the Bronze and Iron Age, however, some issues remain concerning the lacking osteological material.

Abstract [sv]

Utvecklingen och etableringen av jordbruk i Norrland har sedan länge verkat förekomma först under yngre järnåldern, nära vikingatiden, men nya fynd från bronsåldern i Umeå har öppnat upp diskussionen igen om när jordbruket först etablerade sig. Fastän det är för tidigt att behandla var och när, så tillåter det nuvarande materialet att börja till att diskutera hur jordbruket utvecklade sig. Kringliggande jordförhållanden har undersökts runtom bosättningar i relation till palaeomiljöer och forntida klimat med målet att söka efter bosättningsmönster i relation till potentialen att etablera jordbruk, men inga mönster framkom. Odlingsmetoder undersöktes genom ogräs och våtmarksväxter såväl som indikatorer på jordbruk och betning i pollendiagram. De flesta bosättningarna uppvisade ett fokus i första hand på djurhållning och i andra hand odling, samt att dess närhet till kusten och havet troligen såg ett utvecklat fiske. Resultaten bekräftade tidigare hypoteser om jordbrukets utveckling och odlingsmetoder i Norrland under Brons- och Järnåldern, dock återstår vissa problem beträffande det bristande osteologiska materialet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 73
Keywords [en]
Norrland, Northern Sweden, Neolithization, Early agriculture, Stone Age, Neolithic period, Bronze Age, Late Iron Age
Keywords [sv]
Norrland, Sverige, Jordbruk, Stenåldern, Bronsåldern, Järnåldern, Neolitisering
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163367DiVA, id: diva2:1351877
Subject / course
Archaeology
Educational program
Master's Programme in Environmental Archaeology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-17 Created: 2019-09-17 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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