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Kinematic characteristics of second‐order motor planning and performance in 6‐ and 10‐year‐old children and adults: Effects of age and task constraints
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0240-3690
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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2019 (English)In: Developmental Psychobiology, ISSN 0012-1630, E-ISSN 1098-2302Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This study explored age‐related differences in motor planning as expressed in arm‐hand kinematics during a sequential peg moving task with varying demands on goal insertion complexity (second‐order planning). The peg was a vertical cylinder with either a circular or semicircular base. The task was to transport the peg between two positions and rotate it various amounts horizontally before fitting into its final position. The amount of rotation required was either 0°, 90°, 180°, or −90°. The reaching for the peg, the displacement of it, and the way the rotation was accomplished was analyzed. Assessments of end state comfort, goal interpretation errors, and type of grip used were also included. Participants were two groups of typically developing children, one younger (Mage = 6.7 years) and one older (Mage = 10.3 years), and one adult group (Mage = 34.9 years). The children, particularly 6‐year‐olds, displayed less efficient prehensile movement organization than adults. Related to less efficient motor planning, 6‐year‐olds, mainly, had shorter reach‐to‐grasp onset latencies, higher velocities, and shorter time to peak velocities, and longer grasp durations than adults. Importantly, the adults rotated the peg during transport. In contrast, the children made corrective rotations after the hand had arrived at the goal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019.
Keywords [en]
action prediction, children, end state comfort, kinematics, motor planning
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163269DOI: 10.1002/dev.21911PubMedID: 31502277Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072010300OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163269DiVA, id: diva2:1350717
Projects
Children and Motor Planning (CHAMP)
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2015.0192Swedish Research Council, 2011-179Available from: 2019-09-12 Created: 2019-09-12 Last updated: 2019-09-16

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Domellöf, ErikBäckström, AnnaJohansson, Anna-MariaRönnqvist, Louise
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