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On theUse of the General Extenders in British English Discourses
Karlstad University. (Social Sciences)
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Om användningen av de allmänna förlängarna i brittisk engelska diskurser (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

General extenders are examined in a collection of spoken data drawn from the two sub-corpora Business and Leisure of the British National Corpus. This study investigates the use of the 110 instances of or something, and everything, and and stuff in native speakers’ discourses. The speakers are males and females aged 15-59 years. This study focuses on the frequency and functions of general extenders, and explores whether there is a relationship between the use of GEs and speakers’ ages as well as the gender of speakers. For the purposes of this study, both quantitative and qualitative methods are used. The analysis shows that the most frequent form is or something (representing 65.45% of the data), followed by and everything (20.90%) and and stuff (13.63%). This study reports that general extenders are multifunctional, and that they indicate ideational and interpersonal functions. However, there is considerable variation in the use of general extenders. These forms are mainly used to implicate a category. The predominant use of these forms occurs in young speakers’ discourses, and their frequency decreases as the speakers get older. In addition, this study points to the differences between female and male speakers in using general extenders, and that females use these expressions more frequently than males.

Abstract [sv]

Allmännaförlängarna undersöks i språkbrukares tal som härrör fråntvå sub-corpora Business och Leisure från British National Corpus. Syftet med dennastudie är att undersöka 110 instanser av or something, and everything,och and stuff hos brittiska män och kvinnor i åldersspannet 15-59 år.Denna studie fokuserar på de här uttryckens frekvenser samt funktioner, ochundersöker huruvida användningen korrolerade med språkbrukarnas ålder och kön.I denna studie används både kvantitativa och kvalitativa analysmetoder.Resultaten visar att den vanligaste formen är or something som motsvarar65.45% av datan, följt av and everything 20.90%, medan den lägstaanvändningen gäller and stuff 13.63%. Denna studie visar att de häruttrycken är multifunktionella genom att indikera ideella och interpersonellafunktioner. Det finns dock en stor variation i användningen av de häruttrycken. Språkbrukare använder dessa uttryck huvudsakligen för att impliceraen kategori. Den övervägande användningen av dessa former sker i unga talaresdiskurser, dess frekvens minskar när språkbrukare blir äldre, och kvinnoranvänder dessa uttryck mer än män gör.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 41
National Category
Languages and Literature
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-74705DiVA, id: diva2:1350189
Subject / course
English
Educational program
Master Programme in Social Science (120 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-11 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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