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Subjective well-being of Indonesian and Swedish collegestudents: A cross-cultural study on happiness
Gadjah Mada University Indonesia.
University of Borås, Faculty of Librarianship, Information, Education and IT.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5996-2333
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, ISSN 2243-7681, E-ISSN 2243-769X, ISSN 2243-7681, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 25-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to explore and compare levels of subjective well-being and contributing factors that promote happiness in two countries, Indonesia and Sweden. A total of 104 Swedish and 112 Indonesian college students participated in this study. The instruments used were Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS; Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988), Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985), and an open-ended question, “What are the three most important things in your life that make you happy?” Data analyses were conducted in two phases for qualitative and quantitative data. Two major themes, interdependent and dependent factors of happiness, emerged from the qualitative data. Results showed that respondents from both countries reported interdependent factors as their main happiness contributor. The quantitative result demonstrated no significant effects on subjective well-being for culture and its interaction with the happiness factor. Instead, only the happiness factor had a significant effect on subjective well-being. People with interdependent happiness were happier than those who pursue independent happiness factors. This study observed no difference in the level of subjective well-being and happiness factors across the cultures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 8, no 2, p. 25-36
Keywords [en]
happiness; subjective well-being; interdependent happiness; Indonesia; Sweden
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21712DOI: 10.5861/ijrsp.2019.4007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21712DiVA, id: diva2:1349871
Available from: 2019-09-10 Created: 2019-09-10 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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