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Exploring gender stereotypes about interpersonal behavior and personality factors using digital matched-guise techniques
Department of Clinical Science, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Umeå University, Sweden. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7336-1657
Department of Language Studies, Umeå University, Sweden. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6828-3009
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden. (RAVE)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4411-3803
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. (RAVE, Soris)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4429-5720
2019 (English)In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 47, no 8, p. 1-13, article id e8150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study explores gender stereotypes among Swedish university students (n=101) studying a course in psychology, using a matched-guise experimental design. The gender identity of a speaker in a dialogue, manifested by voice, was digitally manipulated to sound male or female. Responses to the recordings indicated that an actor with a male voice was rated significantly less conscientious, agreeable, extraverted, and open to experience than the same actor with a female voice. On social behavior, there was a tendency for the actor with a male voice to be rated as more hostile than the same actor with a female voice. The study suggests that stereotype effects rather than real behavioral differences may have an impact on perceived gender differences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd. (SJP) , 2019. Vol. 47, no 8, p. 1-13, article id e8150
Keywords [en]
Stereotypes, Gender differences, Interpersonal understanding, Personality, Education, Expectancies
National Category
Psychology General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76148DOI: 10.2224/sbp.8150ISI: 000480459300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-76148DiVA, id: diva2:1349063
Projects
RAVE
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-01972Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved

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Dennhag, IngaSteinvall, AndersHakelind, CamillaDeutschmann, Mats
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