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Kundlojalitet: Vad är det, hur gör man och varför fungerar det inte?: Lärdomar från företag i den svenska detaljhandeln
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Customer loyalty: What is it, how do you do it and why doesn’t it work? : Teachings from firms in the Swedish retail sector (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kundlojalitet är ett begrepp som aldrig tycks försvinna ur marknadsföringens ordlistor, kanske eftersom det för många företag är det ultimata marknadsföringsmålet. Den samtida konkurrensen har tack vare globalisering och digitalisering blivit hårdare än någonsin och lojalitet har aldrig varit mer relevant. Men kundlojalitet som forskningsområde är långt ifrån tydligt och enat i sina åsikter, och i det värsta fallet tycks det vara oklart vad lojalitet ens är eller om det kan skapas eller påverkas. Därmed uppfattas ett behov av att närmare undersöka hur kundlojalitet hanteras av företag inom detaljhandel via onlinekanaler, en bransch som har drabbats av en hårdare konkurrens. En kartläggning av forskning kring ämnet förtydligar att kundlojalitet som koncept har studerats, omdefinierats och kritiserats i en stor utsträckning, men att det nu finns en enad syn på kundlojalitet som ett flerdimensionellt koncept bestående av både beteende och attityd. Men detta synsätt har enligt forskning inte översatts väl till praktiken och många av de strategier som tillämpas såsom lojalitetsprogram kritiseras för att inte främja sann lojalitet. Samtidigt har mycket av den forskning som genomförts fokuserat på konsumentsidan och varför det som görs i relation till lojalitet inte fungerar. Denna masteruppsats fortsätter studien av kundlojalitetens praktiska situation genom att med intervjuer undersöka hur detaljhandelsföretag inom onlinehandel tacklar kundlojalitet för att tydligare kartlägga vad som görs och varför. Åtta intervjuer resulterade i ett flertal teman som beskriver hur kundlojaliteten uppfattas och behandlas i praktiken. Resultaten visar att de definitioner, strategier, metoder och mätetal som används inte stämmer överens med den nyare synen på lojalitet som flerdimensionell. Detta har lett till strategier som varken främjar relationer eller lojalitet och som snarare leder till minskade marginaler och uppmuntrar ett ohållbart konsumentbeteende. Resultaten lyfter även fram fem utmaningar inom det praktiska arbetet med kundlojalitet. Dessa kan härledas till ett övergripande problem som bottnar i att kundlojalitet inte behandlas som en ledningsfråga.

Abstract [en]

Customer loyalty is a term which is seemingly ubiquitous in the proverbial dictionary of marketing, perhaps because it often is considered the ultimate goal of many marketing activities. Thanks to rising globalisation and digitalisation the current competitive landscape has intensified to a point previously unheard of, which renders loyalty more important than ever before. But, as a field of research customer loyalty is quite split in terms of how loyalty should be defined, and it seems uncertain if loyalty even should be seen as something which can be created. With all this uncertainty in mind there would appear to be a need to more closely examine how Customer Loyalty is actively handled by businesses, using the Swedish e-retail market as a point of reference. A mapping of research on the subject clarifies that customer loyalty as a concept has been studied, redefined and criticized to a great extent, but that there now is a unified view of customer loyalty as a multi-dimensional concept consisting of both behaviour and attitude. However, according to research, this approach has not been translated well into practice, a lot of the strategies applied within loyalty programs has been criticized for not encouraging true loyalty. At the same time, much of the research that has been carried out has focused on the consumer perspective and why the loyalty efforts do not work. This master thesis elaborates on the study of the practicals of customer loyalty by conducting interviews with laypeople to determine how Swedish business within online retail deal with the challenge of maintaining loyalty. A total of eight interviews yielded many themes which thoroughly describe how customer loyalty is viewed, defined, measured and dealt with in practice. Our results show that the definitions, strategies, methods and measurements currently used within the field of loyalty management are not up to snuff when compared with the views of academic research, which define customer loyalty as a multidimensional construct. This has lead to strategies which neither favour loyalty nor relationships but rather result in lessening margins while encouraging unsustainable consumer behaviour. The results also highlight five distinct challenges within the practice of loyalty management. These can largely be contributed to the fact that customer loyalty rarely is given the level of attention on a leadership level that it should warrant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Customer Loyalty, CRM, NPS, Retail, Online Retail, Attitude, Customer Experience, Customer Satisfaction, RFM
Keywords [sv]
Kundlojalitet, CRM, NPS, Detaljhandel, Onlinehandel, Attityd, Kundupplevelse, Nöjdhet, RFM
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21704DiVA, id: diva2:1349002
Subject / course
Business Administration
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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