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Altered expression of inflammasome components in inflammatory bowel disease
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Biology Education Centre. Göteborg Universitet, Biomedicinska institutionen, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och immunologi.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The inflammasome complex is a multiprotein complex that may play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by secreting the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18, and inducing pyroptosis, as a response to signals through several inflammasome sensors.

This study looked at the expression of several inflammasome components in the ileum and colon of patients suffering from IBD. The inflammasome sensors NLRP1, NLRP3, AIM2 and pyrin were upregulated in whole intestinal tissue of IBD patients, particularly in the colon. NLRP6 expression was increased in the colon of Crohn's disease patients, but not ulcerative colitis patients relative to colon of controls, and was reduced in the ileum of Crohn's disease patients compared to control ileum. Expression of caspase-1 and IL-1β, but not IL-18, were also increased in ileum and colon tissue from Crohn's patients.

To identify the cell type where inflammasome expression was altered in Crohn’s disease, transcription of inflammasome subunits in intestinal tissue enriched for epithelial cells or lamina propria (LP) cells was analysed. These analyses indicated that LP cells have greater expression of the inflammasome sensors NLRP1, NLRP3, AIM2 and pyrin relative to epithelial cells, both during disease and in control tissue. Moreover, LP cells from Crohn’s patients have higher expression level of NLRP1, AIM2 and pyrin than LP cells from controls. In contrast the inflammasome sensor NLRP6 was more highly expressed by epithelial cells relative to LP cells in general, and NLRP6 expression in LP cells from IBD patients was lower than that observed in LP cells from controls.

The observed differential expression of inflammasome components in controls versus IBD intestine and in different cellular fractions of intestinal tissue highlight the importance of understanding the role of the inflammasome in IBD and hints at the possibility of targeting the inflammasome pathway as a future treatment strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
IBD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Inflammasome, NLRP1, NLRP3, NLRP6, AIM2, MEFV, Pyrin, Caspase-1, Caspase-4, Caspase-5, IL-1B, IL-18, GSDMD, ASC
Keywords [sv]
Inflammatorisk tarmsjukdom, Inflammasom
National Category
Immunology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-392520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-392520DiVA, id: diva2:1348814
Educational program
Master Programme in Biology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-24 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-24Bibliographically approved

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