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Material identification using X-ray diffraction
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Electronics Design.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study reviews the theoretical and experimental aspects of the X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and evaluates its use in identifying toxic elements or compounds in waste that has been incinerated. Many industries incinerate materials that contain large significant amounts of toxic elements, and these elements should be identified and re-moved to reduce environmental pollution. The aim of this project is to identify the elemental content of an incinerated ash sample, and to recommend a proper identification method when using XRD. Here, we test two ash samples (raw ash without any treatment and ash that has been stabilized by washing) using the software DIFFRAC.EVA that is integrated into Bruker’s diffractometer D2Phaser to match different diffraction patterns to identify the contents of the ash sample. Finally concluding the results XRF is more suitable than XRD for ash surveil-lance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 48
Keywords [en]
XRD, XRF, incineration, wastemanagement, toxic elements, pollution detection, fly ash, ash, Bruker D2Phaser, DIFFRAC.EVA, chemical filter, scan file.
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-37122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-37122DiVA, id: diva2:1348750
Subject / course
Electrical Engineering ET2
Educational program
International Bachelor's Programme in Electronics TIELG 180 higher education credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Genetu Teggen, Linda
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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