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Is the effect of ill health on school achievement among Swedish adolescents gendered?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6008-2296
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2019 (English)In: SSM - Population Health, ISSN 2352-8273, Vol. 8, article id 100408Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates why the relationship between health problems requiring hospitalization between the ages of 13 and 16 and school achievement (school grades in 9th grade) in Sweden was stronger for girls than for boys. We reviewed previous research on gender differences in subjective health, health care utilization and medical drug treatment to identify mechanisms responsible for this gendered effect. The relationship was analysed using retrospective observational data from several national full-population registers of individuals born in 1990 in Sweden (n = 115 196), and ordinary least squares techniques were used to test hypotheses. We found that girls had longer stays when hospitalized, which mediated 15% of the interaction effect. Variability in drug treatment between boys and girls did not explain the gendered effect of hospitalization. The main mediator of the gendered effect was instead differences in diagnoses between boys and girls. Girls’ hospitalizations were more commonly related to mental and behavioural diagnoses, which have particularly detrimental effects on school achievement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 8, article id 100408
Keywords [en]
Sweden, Child health, Adolescent health, Disease, Mental disorders, Academic achievement, Registries, Gender differences
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-163022DOI: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100408PubMedID: 31289741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-163022DiVA, id: diva2:1348693
Available from: 2019-09-05 Created: 2019-09-05 Last updated: 2019-09-06Bibliographically approved

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