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Authority in students’ peer collaboration in statistics: an empirical study based on inferentialism
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4185-3208
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9530-4151
2019 (English)In: Nordisk matematikkdidaktikk, NOMAD: [Nordic Studies in Mathematics Education], ISSN 1104-2176, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 25-47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Students’ peer collaboration efforts in mathematics and statistics is a topic that has increasingly gained attention in research. In any collaboration, authority relations play a role for how meaning is constituted: Whenever things are discussed and decision sare made, authority is involved in a sense that some arguments or persons may be more convincing and powerful than others. In this article, we investigate how authority changes dynamically in type and in distribution as groups of fifth grade students collaborate in data generation processes. We identify and categorize authority using an epistemological framework, which is based on the philosophical theory of inferentialism. The results show that the three different types of authority described in inferentialism are all identifiable in students’ collaborative work. We also find and categorize further types of authority connected to the statistics group work, some of which are hardly addressed in previous research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg, Sweden: NOMAD , 2019. Vol. 24, no 2, p. 25-47
National Category
Mathematics Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-76046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-76046DiVA, id: diva2:1348407
Available from: 2019-09-04 Created: 2019-09-04 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exploring student collaboration during Data Generation in the Statistics Classroom: An Inferentialist Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring student collaboration during Data Generation in the Statistics Classroom: An Inferentialist Perspective
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation explores student collaboration during data generation in statistics. The first aim is to put the semantic theory of inferentialism to work and develop a theoretical lens for exploring student collaboration during data generation. The second is to use the previously developed inferentialist lens regarding collaboration to better understand data generation processes in the statistics classroom. Two studies were conducted in Swedish 5th and 7th grade classes. The first involved 7th-grade students collaboratively engaged in experimentation with paper helicopters and their flight durations. The second study involved 5th graders experimenting with paper frogs and their jump lengths. The analyses reveal that inferentialism is a meaningful perspective for exploring student collaboration. One salient theoretical contribution of this thesis is that the inferentialist concept of norms helps avoid the dichotomy between social and individual facets of collaboration and learning that have plagued research on collaboration. However, by using the inferentialism lens, the social and individual can be regarded in their intertwined and dynamic natures. The thesis also illustrates how the formulation of tasks, social conditions, and norms mutually condition students’ learning opportunities. It is also demonstrated that data generation processes can also involve conceptual learning opportunities. The results offer ideas concerning which classroom conditions and manners of formulating tasks may contribute to such conceptual learning opportunities

Abstract [sv]

I denna avhandling utforskas elevers samarbete under datagenerering i statistik. Avhandlingens första syfte är att operationalisera en semantisk teori, inferentialismen, och skapa en teoretisk lins för att utforska elevers samarbeten är de genererar data. Det andra syftet är att utnyttja denna inferentialistiska lins för att förstå datagenereringsprocessen i statistikklassrummet bättre. Två klassrumsstudier har genomförts. Elever i årskurs 7 fick arbeta tillsammans för att undersöka pappershelikoptrar och hur länge de kunde flyga. Elever i årskurs 5 fick samarbeta i ett experiment med pappersgrodor och undersöka hur långt de kunde hoppa. Analyserna visar att inferentialismen är ett värdefullt perspektiv för att utforska elevers samarbete. Ett framträdande teoretiska bidrag från denna avhandling är att det inferentialistiska sättet att konceptualisera normer kan användas för att undvika den dikotomi mellan individuellt och socialt perspektiv som har varit framträdande i tidigare forskning om samarbete i matematikklassrum. Genom att analysera samarbete med hjälp av inferentialistisk teori kan den dynamiska interaktionen mellan det individuella och det sociala undersökas i sin sammanflätade natur. Avhandlingen illustrerar också hur formulering av uppgifter, sociala villkor och normer tillsammans skapar förutsättningar för vilka begrepp som kommer i spel och därmed blir möjliga att lära sig. Det visas också att processen att generera data kan involvera begreppsliga lärandesituationer. Resultaten ger därför indikationer på vilka slags klassrumssituationer och vilka uppgiftsformuleringar som kan bidra till sådant konceptuellt lärande.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2019. p. 134
Series
Örebro Studies in Mathematics ; 1
Keywords
Inferentialism, Collaboration, Data generation, Statistics
National Category
Other Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-74660 (URN)978-91-7529-295-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-09-27, Örebro universitet, Teknikhuset, Hörsal T, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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