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Ökad hållbarhet och minskad miljöpåverkan inom bygglogistik: Studie av TMS på Cramo
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Building Technology and Design.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Increased Sustainability and Reduced Environmental Impact on Building Logistics : Study of TMS in Cramo (English)
Abstract [sv]

I delar av byggbranschen finns idag ett gemensamt problem som kan beskrivas med termen dålig framförhållning. Detta försvårar möjligheten att se bygglogistiken i ett helhetsperspektiv, både för leverantören och entreprenören, men tyvärr även för övriga aktörer inblandade i byggproduktionsprojekt. Att uppnå bra bygglogistik med ökad hänsyn till miljön kräver ett gott samarbete mellan samtliga parter. Bygglogistik är planering flera (många) veckor framåt, i byggbranschen är det vanligt att det uppkommer oväntade händelser som leder till att tidsplaner för olika delar i byggprojektet justeras. I dagsläget är det lite för ofta som justeringar sker ”i sista minuten”. Detta leder till dyrare frakter, svårigheter att klara av en bra leveransprecision vilket i sin tur påverkar effektiviteten i bygglogistiken negativt. Problemen som upptäckts för de olika processerna inom bygglogistiken på Cramo är beskrivna med åtgärdsförslag, rekommendationer för effektivisering/förbättring av bygglogistik under rubriken probleminventering. För detta arbete har faktainsamlingen omfattat metoderna i lean construction som JIT- Just in time och jämförelser mellan olika tilläggstjänsterna som används i byggbranschen idag. Även fakta om kommunikationssystemet, TMS, samt läran om transport och materialhantering har undersökts och analyserats. Fakta från intervjuerna som beskriver TMS, transport metoder och lösningar samt hur hantering av material sker och vad man har för mål i framtiden har redovisats i bakgrunden, resultatet samt i analysen. Bygglogistik är kortfattat en samlings ord för alla aktiviteter som leder till att rätt produkt ska vara på rätt plats vid rätt tillfälle. “Tänk efter före”(Sundin, 2019)

Abstract [en]

In the construction industry, there is a general industry problem that can be described by the term poor advance planning. This makes it difficult to see the construction logistics in a holistic perspective, both for the supplier and the contractor, but unfortunately also for other parties involved in construction production projects. Achieving good building logistics with consideration for the environment requires good cooperation between all parties. Building logistics is planning several (many) weeks ahead, in the construction industry it is common that unexpected events arise that lead to adjusting timetables for different parts of the construction project. At present, it is a little too often that adjustments are made "at the last minute". This leads to more expensive freight, difficulties in coping with a good delivery precision, which in turn negatively affects the efficiency of construction logistics. Problems that has been discovered for the different parts of the process within building logistics in CRAMO are presented with solutions, recommendation of efficiency/improvement for building logistics under the title problem inventory,”problem inventering”. In problem inventory, these are described while action proposals are presented later in the report during the analysis. For this work, the facts have included the methods in lean construction as JIT- Just in time and comparisons between various additional services used in the construction industry today. Facts about the communication system, TMS, and the doctrine of transport and material handling have also been investigated and analyzed. Facts from the interviews that describe TMS, transport methods and solutions as well as how material handling takes place and what one has for goals in the future have been reported in the background, the result and in the analysis. Building logistics is briefly a term for all activities that lead to the right product being in the right place at the right time. "Think ahead" (Sundin, 2019)

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 44
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19575
Keywords [en]
TMS: Transport managementsystem JIT: Just in time Lean construction Leverans precision Bygglogistik Tilläggstjänst
Keywords [sv]
TMS: Transport managementsystem JIT: Just in time Lean construction Leverans precision Bygglogistik Tilläggstjänst
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-257741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-257741DiVA, id: diva2:1348000
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Constructional Engineering and Design
Available from: 2019-09-03 Created: 2019-09-03 Last updated: 2019-09-27

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