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Arbetsterapeutisk kompetens i skolan: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om arbetsterapeuters upplevelse av deras kompetens i skolan
Jönköping University.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Skolan är en plats där barn spenderar en stor del av sin tid vilket innebär att skolan har en viktig roll i att ge dem lika möjligheter att vara delaktiga, lära och utvecklas. Studier visar att barn med funktionsnedsättningar upplever att de inte ges lika förutsättningar för delaktighet på lika villkor. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur arbetsterapeuter upplever att deras kompetens används i skolan. Studien är av kvalitativ design där sex arbetsterapeuter, anställda i skolan, intervjuats genom en semistrukturerad intervjuguide där de beskrev hur de upplevde att deras kunskap och kompetens användes i skolan. Datan analyserades sedan utifrån kvalitativ konventionell innehållsanalys som resulterade i tre huvudkategorier: Arbetsterapeutisk kompetens i skolan verkar för ökade möjligheter för delaktighet, Arbetsterapeutisk kompetens bidrar med en helhetssyn kring eleven och Teamsamverkan främjar delaktighet och bidrar till en helhetssyn kring eleven. Resultatet visade att arbetsterapeuterna upplevde att deras kompetens i skolan främjar möjligheterna till delaktighet, bland annat genom att de såg eleven utifrån en helhetssyn och att de hade ett elevcentrerat arbetssätt. Teamsamverkan visade sig också viktigt för att öka helhetssynen kring eleven och öka möjligheten för delaktighet.

Abstract [en]

School is a place where children spend a lot of their time and therefore school also plays an important role in providing children equal terms in their possibilities of participating, learn and develop. Studies shows that children with disabilities often feels that they are not given the same possibilities to participate at equal terms. The aim of this study is to investigate how occupational therapist feel that their competence can be used in schools. The study is a qualitative study, using a semi-structured interview guide where six occupational therapists working in schools were asked to describe how they feel that their knowledge and their competence were used in school. The data was then analysed using qualitative content analysis where three categories was found: The competence of occupational therapist in school enhances the possibilities for participation, The competence of occupational therapist contributes to a holistic approach of the student and Team-work in school contributes to participation and an holistic approach.  The result showed that occupational therapist felt that using their competence in school enhanced the possibilities to participate at equal terms since they saw the students from a holistic and client-centered approach. Also team-work was important since it contributed to a holistic approach and enhanced participation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Children, occupational therapy, participation, qualitative design, school
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, barn, delaktighet, kvalitativ design, skola
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-45739ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-2-20190150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-45739DiVA, id: diva2:1346763
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-09-03 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2019-09-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Output format
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