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Strategiskt arbete med att minska invasiva växtarters spridningsrisker: Klimatförändringar och trädgårdsavfallets inverkan på spridning
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
The essay/thesis is partially on sustainable development according to the University's criteria
Abstract [en]

Invasive species are an increasing problem worldwide, threatening indigenous communities and species. In a world where people travel and trade a lot in a global market, many organisms are transported to new parts of the world where they have never existed before. Most do not survive in the new environment but die, but some thrive and thrive. When such species are established and multiply in places outside their natural range, it can be followed by negative consequences for species that have existed there for a long time - so-called indigenous species. Then the new species are often called alien invasive species. An example of this is the beautiful and colourful plant flower lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus)that people on their travels brought with them from North America, among other things, Europe. Global warming and increased trade between countries is the main reason why foreign species are introduced to new ecosystems while climate change means that habitats can change to become more suitable for an invasive alien species. The invasive species currently causes major economic losses worldwide. Lupins, park slides, and giant sheds are examples of invasive plants that have been introduced in European gardens because they are beautiful and easy to care for. They are also invasive, spread aggressively and are detrimental to our nature because they penetrate our native species. To stop these invasive plants and from damaging Europe's nature, the EU countries have decided to take action against certain species. On January 1, 2015, the EU adopted a regulation on invasive alien species and how to combat it within the Union. On February 5, 2016, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency submitted the Authority's proposal to the Swedish Government on new rules and measures on how to stop invasive harmful species. Already today, great resources are being devoted to combating invading plants such in our nature reserves. However, an early preventive or direct targeted intervention is much more cost effective than a continuous control of unwanted, invasive species with well-established populations. In order to succeed in this, we need an increased awareness of the problem of alien, invasive species among the public and decision makers, but also a sharp global analysis. Only with knowledge and continuous monitoring can we put in early action against future, aggressive invaders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 56
Keywords [en]
Climate change, garden waste, invasive plant species, waste management
Keywords [sv]
Klimatförändringar, trädgårdsavfall, invasiva växtarter, avfallshantering
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-30606OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-30606DiVA, id: diva2:1346712
Subject / course
Environmental Engineering
Educational program
Environmental Strategist
Presentation
2019-06-05, Högskolan i Gävle: 99:133, Kungsbäcksvägen 47, Gävle, 08:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-30 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-08-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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