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Siting of Landfills for Hazardous Waste in Iraq from a Geological Perspective
University of Kurdistan, Hewler, KRG, Iraq and Private Consultant Geologist, Erbil, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1935-1743
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1365-8552
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 295-311Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Iraq has been involved with two major wars in 1991 and 2003 (Gulf war I and II), which resulted in leaving large amounts of wrecked tanks, vehicles, weapons and ammunition. A considerable amount of the military waste contains depleted uranium (DU), which is a by-product of the enrichment of natural uranium for nuclear reactor-grade or nuclear weapons-grade uranium. DU used during the second Gulf war is more than 1100 to 2000 tons. This has serious effects on humans in Iraq and the environment. There is no national or international program for cleaning Iraq of DU wastes. To protect humans and the environment, three locations for disposals were suggested according to the geological conditions. These locations fulfill the requirements so that radioactive waste does not affect human life and the environment. To use these sites there should be proper design for the landfills so that it can perform for long period of time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Scientific Press International Limited , 2019. Vol. 9, no 3, p. 295-311
Keywords [en]
Landfill, Hazardous Waste, depleted uranium (DU), geological factor for siting, Iraq
National Category
Engineering and Technology Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75723OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75723DiVA, id: diva2:1346637
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 1;2019-09-02 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-08-28 Created: 2019-08-28 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved

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