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Who Moves to Whom?: Gender Differences in the Distance Moved to a Shared Residence
Stockholm Univ, Dept Sociol, Demog Unit, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden;Linkoping Univ, Inst Analyt Sociol, S-60147 Norrkoping, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography. Stockholm Univ, Dept Human Geog, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 435-458Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the migration of couples and families is well examined, the migration that occurs at the start of co-residence has only been minimally studied. This study examines (1) whether women move more often and move over longer distances at the start of co-residence and (2) whether gender differences (if any) stem from compositional differences between women and men, such as gender differences in ties, or if they are the consequence of the within-couple distribution of bargaining power. The analyses are performed on Swedish population register data from 1991 to 2008, including longitudinal information on the residence of all couples who either married or had a child as cohabitants in 2008, backtracking them to the year of union formation. The results indicate that women are more prone to move for the sake of their male partner in the process of union formation than vice versa. If partners lived in close proximity prior to co-residence, the woman's increased likelihood of moving and longer distance moved is nearly completely explained by power imbalances in the couple. Gender differences in ties only have minor importance in explaining gender differences in these types of migration patterns. If partners lived far apart prior to co-residence, gender differences are particularly pronounced. These differences remain after adjusting for the two partners' relative resources. We contribute to the family migration literature by suggesting that women's higher propensity to move and their longer distance moved are indications that even couples' decisions at the start of co-residence are made in favour of the man's career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2019. Vol. 35, no 3, p. 435-458
Keywords [en]
Union formation, Migration, Migration distance, Co-residence, Gender
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-391962DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9490-4ISI: 000476493200001PubMedID: 31372100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-391962DiVA, id: diva2:1346178
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 445-2013-7681Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5460Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 324233Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, DNR M12-0301: 1Available from: 2019-08-27 Created: 2019-08-27 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved

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