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Predicering av upplevelse av arbete och arbetssituation: känsla av sammanhang, upplevd stress, ålder och kön
Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Predicted experience of work and situations therein : Sense of Coherence, perceived stress, age, and gender (English)
Abstract [sv]

Negativ stress påverkar vår fysiska och psykiska hälsa. Hur vi upplever vår allmänna stress påverkar vår upplevelse av arbete och arbetssituation. Vad som upplevs som stressande varierar bland individer och hur vi hanterar vår upplevda stress är också olika. Syftet med studien var dels att tydliggöra till vilken grad vår allmänna upplevelse av stress samvarierar med känslan av sammanhang i vår upplevelse av arbete och arbetssituation. Ett annat syfte var att undersöka hur detta samband påverkas av ålder samt undersöka om det fanns några könsskillnader. Kvinnor och män (N=171) som arbetat 100 % under den sista månaden deltog i studien. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), känsla av sammanhang (KASAM), work experience measurement scale (WEMS) samt bakgrundsfrågor användes vid insamling av data.

Multipel regressionsanalys visade att PSS var den starkaste prediktorvariabeln för WEMS (B = -1.22, p< .001). KASAM hade ett lägre samband med WEMS (B = 0.35, p< .01). Kön (B = -1.70, p = .717) och ålder (B = -0.22, p = .430) bidrog inte signifikant. Prediktorvariabeln KASAM hade en förklarad varians på 24.2% samt att den förklarade variansen ökade signifikant till 28.4%, när PSS stress lades till modellen.

Abstract [en]

Negative stress affects our physical and psychological health. How we perceive our general stress affects our experience of work and situations therein. The things that are perceived as stressful vary among individuals and how we deal with our perceived stress also varies. The purpose of this study was to clarify to what extent our general perceived stress-level inter-acted with the sense of coherence in our experience of work and situations at work. Another purpose was to examine how the interaction were affected by age. Lastly, the purpose was to see if there is any differences between genders. Men and women (N=171) working 100 % in the last month participated in my study.

To collect the data, I used Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC) and Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS) in conjunction with question each participant´s background. The multiple regression analysis showed that PSS was the strongest predictor variable on experience of work and situations at work (B = -1.22, p< .001). SOC had a smaller relationship (B = 0.35, p< .01). Gender (B = -1.70, p = .717) and age (B = -0.22, p = .430) was not found to be significant. With the predictor variable SOC, the explained variance was 24.2% and when PSS was added to the model, the explained variance increased significantly to 28.4%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 12
Keywords [en]
Sense of coherence, stress, work experience
Keywords [sv]
Känsla av sammanhang, stress, upplevelse av arbete
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-19850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-19850DiVA, id: diva2:1345630
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-27 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved

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