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Militarized Nationalism as a Platform for Feminist Mobilization?: The Case of the Exiled Burmese Women’s Movement
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. (Peace and Conflict Studies)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2400-9144
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2019 (English)In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 76, article id 102263Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Feminist scholars have convincingly demonstrated how militarism and nationalism rely on the (re)production of gendered hierarchies. As a result, feminism is often assumed to be at odds with these political projects. In this article, we demonstrate that this is not always and not necessarily the case: in contrast, militarized nationalism may even constitute fertile ground for the mobilization of feminist organization and activism. We make this argument drawing on an in-depth case study of the emergence and evolution of an exiled Burmese women's movement from within armed ethno-nationalist struggles in the borderlands of Myanmar. Drawing on interviews with women activists, we examine when and how militarized nationalism can provide a space from which feminist agendas can be articulated and successfully pursued. This case demonstrates that militarized nationalism does not only have the potential to mobilize women's participation, but can provide a platform for feminist organization and activism that transcends, challenges, and eventually reshapes militarized nationalist projects in ways that advance women's rights and equality. These findings call into question generalized assumptions about the conflictual relationship between feminism, militarism and nationalism, and contributes to advance feminist debates about women's mobilization in contexts of armed conflicts and nationalist struggles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 76, article id 102263
Keywords [en]
Feminism, Militarism, Nationalism, Women's activism, Myanmar, Armed conflict
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Gender Studies
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162639DOI: 10.1016/j.wsif.2019.102263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162639DiVA, id: diva2:1345546
Part of project
Feminists, Ethno-nationalists and Peace Activists? The Role of Diasporic Minority Women?s Organizations in Burma?s Conflict Transformation Process, Swedish Research Council
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-01756Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-26 Last updated: 2019-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Olivius, ElisabethHedström, Jenny
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