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Increasing transparency in the supply chain with blockchain technology: A case study of small and medium sized South African wine producers
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The world is facing new challenges caused by global warming and is puttingpressure on governments, companies and the civil society to act fast. Like all industries, the wine industry is affected by climate change and wine producers are simultaneously struggling to stay viable while competing on a global market. To become sustainable, transparency is needed in the supply chain so that stakeholders and consumers can influence it. In this study, blockchain technology is investigated as a possible technology that can increase sustainability, transparency and over-all efficiency in the supply chain. The study is a case study and takes place in South Africa. The study takes the perspective of small and medium sized enterprises because they are a big part of the market and has not been researched in this area. Empirical data was collected through interviews, observations and secondary data and it was analyzed through thematic analysis. The results show that there is a lot of administrative work in the industry where compliance and certifications take a lot of time and effort. The smaller wineries, that often want to focus on making good wine, have a harder time with the administrative work since the same person might have several roles or functions in the business. The current traceability system is also one of the best in the world but is largely paper based. In the discussion it is shown that the industry has some elements that would be good for a blockchain system but the smaller producers would probably not dare to invest in such a system since they need improvements in quality or efficiency to stay viable and the technology required is expensive. The thesis concludes that the industry has some structures in place that would be a good base for a blockchain system. This could add an extra level of security and trust to the system. The implementation for the small-scale producers seems far away since the technological requirements are expensive.

Abstract [sv]

De rådande klimatförändringarna ställer nya krav på företag att ta ansvar för sina utsläpp och miljöpåverkningar. Därför blir det allt mer vanligt för företag att medvetet öka hållbarheten i sina värdekedjor eftersom det också blir allt viktigare för stakeholders och konsumenter. För att kunna sätta press på företag krävs dock transparens och med komplexa värdekedjor kan detta vara svårt att skapa. Därför krävs nya teknologier som kan hjälpa företag att öka transparens, effektivitet och integritet. Blockchain-teknologi är en relativt ny teknologi som med sina decentraliserade egenskaper har potential att användas i värdekedjan för att öka hållbarhet och transparens. Denna studie undersöker just det genom en fältstudie i den Sydafrikanska vinindustrin. Det är in riktadpå främst små- och medelstora företag och inkluderar också industriorganisationer för att bidra med en holistisk bild av värdekedjan för vin. Genom intervjuer, observationer och sekundärdata samlades empirisk data in och analyserades med tematisk data-analys. Resultaten visade att små-och medelstora vinproducenter fäktas med mycket administrativt arbete och har svårt att vara ekonomiskt hållbara på en global marknad. Spårbarheten i Sydafrika fungerar utmärkt och därför finns det redan viss infrastruktur på plats i landet som skulle kunna vara en grund till att utveckla ett blockchain-baserat system för att öka säkerheten, transparensen och minska administrativa kostnader för de mindre företagen. Ifall ett blockchain-system skulle implementeras skulle det troligtvis inte drivas av de små företagen även fast de hade gynnats mest, utan av större företag med finansiell kapacitet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 65
Keywords [en]
blockchain technology, traceability, trust, sustainability, internet of things, certifications, supply chain, transparency
Keywords [sv]
Blockchain, värdekedja, transparens, teknologi, certifieringar, vinindutri
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-74506OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-74506DiVA, id: diva2:1345498
Educational program
Engineering: Industrial Engineering and Management (300 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-25 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved

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