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MAC-E-Filter characterization for PTOLEMY: a relic neutrino direct detection experiment
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. (CoPS)
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The cosmic neutrino background (CNB) can be composed of both active and hypothetical sterileneutrinos. At approximately one second after big bang, neutrinos decoupled from radiationand matter at a temperature of approximately one MeV. Neutrinos played an important role inthe origin and evolution of our universe and have been indirectly verified by cosmological dataon the BBN (Big Bang nucleosynthesis) of the Big Bang.It was Steven Weinberg in 1962 that first theorized on the direct detection of relic neutrinos.The signal of the relic neutrino capture on a tritium target can be observed by studying theendpoint of the electrons kinetic energy that are above the endpoint energy of the beta decayspectrum. The PTOLEMY project aims to archive direct detection of the relic neutrinobackground with a large tritium target of 100 gram, MAC-E-Filter, RF-tracking, Time of flighttracking and a cryogenic calorimetry.In this thesis the MAC-E-Filter have been simulated in two filter configurations. In the firstconfiguration, the electron were simulated five times in the filter. Two in the opposite sideof the detector, one in the middle, and two at the detector. In the second configuration theelectrons was simulated in the entrance solenoid at a fixed position of y = -0.19634954 m fromthe center of the filter and in random positions. Both multiple electrons and single electronswere simulated in the second configuration.In the single electron configuration the electron had a starting position of y = -0.19634954 mfrom the center of the filter, and an initial kinetic energy of 18.6 KeV. The first filter configurationsuccessfully accomplished to simulate the electron track, as the electron was reflectedback and forth between the entry and detector solenoid. The electric and magnetic field profilediered at the entry and detector solenoid. The second filter configuration successfully showedthat the electron will reach the end solenoid, when the filter length was 0.5 m. When the filterlength was increased to 0.7 m, then the electron was reflected in the middle of the filter. Thesimulation showed that the electron energy dropped below 1 eV from 18.6 KeV as the electronpropagated through the filter. The magnetic and electric fields decreased exponentially in thedirection of the detector solenoid. The Simulation of multiple electrons showed mixed resultsand would need more modifications in order to come to a final conclusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 110
Keywords [en]
particle physics, astroparticle physics, astrophysics, PTOLEMY, relic neutrinos, monte carlo simulation, mac-e-filter, sterile neutrinos, physics beyond the standard model
National Category
Subatomic Physics Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75678OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75678DiVA, id: diva2:1345400
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Space Engineering, master's level
Presentation
2019-05-29, D1, Rymdcampus 1, Kiruna, 11:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-27 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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