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War, Peace and Ideologies: Approaching peace in war through Democratic Confederalism and the war in Rojava
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Traditionally, war and peace have been approached as incompatible entities; where war and violence are present, peace has been assumed to be absent. Recent studies of peace in conflict have started to undermine this assumption, since expressions of peace and attempts at building peace have been found among individuals and communities entangled in violent conflicts.   This thesis explores peace in war via democratic confederalism, an ideology that is being implemented in northern Syria. An ideational analysis is used to approach the ideology, which is later compared with an analytical framework developed from liberal and critical peacebuilding to explore democratic confederalism’s similarities and deviations in regard to the two theories. Afterwards, the findings are analysed in the context of northern Syria.  The study shows that there are several intersections between aspects of critical peacebuilding and democratic confederalism. Discussed through the war in northern Syria and it is argued that the self-defence part of democratic confederalism has taken a prominent and necessary role, but one that might obscure the aspects of democratic confederalism that are peace-conducive. The research paper concludes that while this might make democratic confederalism as a whole appear less peaceful, it should be understood through the context of war and aspects that contribute to peace should be interpreted as expressions of peace in violent conflict. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 70
Keywords [en]
peace in war, critical peacebuilding, liberal peacebuilding, Rojava, Syria, zones of peace, islands of peace, ideology, Öcalan
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162558DiVA, id: diva2:1344843
Educational program
Master's Programme in Crisis Management and Peacebuilding
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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