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Identifying Varieties of Peace: A Cluster Analysis of Peacefulness in the 21st Centur
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis identifies a discrepancy in the understanding of peace as a need for further efforts to be made in both the conceptualization and operationalization of what peace is. Working from the pluralistic multidimensional view of what peace could be defined as, dictated by the works of Dietrich (2014), Kovacs-Söderberg and Höglund (2010) and Davenport et al. (2018), this thesis set out to explore structures present in the descriptive variables of peacefulness found in the Global Peace Index data set. Through a multivariate cluster analysis, six clusters emerged. These inhibited differing magnitudes of the set of variables, that served as the basis for profiling and labelling of the clusters. Five of the clusters were defined as varying levels of internal and external qualities, behaviors and attitudes. The sixth cluster served as a more peaceful category, containing most countries traditionally understood as peaceful. The thesis concluded in a result that encourages the use of the clustering as a tool for peace categorization but lacked in the power of explaining variations of the most peaceful category. Concluding that the included variables proved to be inadequate when attempting to uncover variations of observations that are considered more peaceful, suggesting that additional variables are needed to capture the variety between these observations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 46
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-162556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-162556DiVA, id: diva2:1344838
Educational program
Master's Programme in Crisis Management and Peacebuilding
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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