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Procurement of Railway Maintenance: Collaboration for Innovation
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Real Estate and Construction Management.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Railway maintenance is highly important for a sustainable transport system. A popular choice in Europe is to outsource the railway maintenance obligation through a public procurement process. Public procurement of railway maintenance has gained relatively little attention in research despite that the competitive tendering approach implies several challenges, especially related to collaboration and innovation. Hence, the aim of this study is to explore public procurement of railway maintenance, with a particular focus on how various factors support or hinder collaboration and innovation. A multiple case study approach is used, including interviews with client and contractor representatives and a multidimensional framework on partnering as supply chain integration guides the analysis. Tentative findings indicate that there is potential in strengthening the supply chain integration in the studied context. Findings provide theoretical contribution to supply chain integration, for example by pinpointing the importance of addressing informal relationships at the individual level in maintenance contracts. Furthermore, a practical implication for managing transport infrastructure maintenance contracts is the importance of addressing collaboration depth by allocating sufficient human resources to the client organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Belfast, 2018.
Keywords [en]
collaboration, supply chain integration, railway maintenance
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Quality Technology & Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-75640DiVA, id: diva2:1344629
Conference
34th ARCOM conference
Available from: 2019-08-21 Created: 2019-08-21 Last updated: 2019-09-06
In thesis
1. Exploring Public Procurement of Swedish Railway Infrastructure Maintenance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Public Procurement of Swedish Railway Infrastructure Maintenance
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 2002, Sweden started to outsource its railway infrastructure maintenance. Through gradual exposure (i.e. outsourcing one contract area at a time), the Swedish Transport Administration has developed its competence of being a client towards its contractors. The last contract was outsourced in 2014. In the last decade, the development of governance techniques and maintenance cost has not matched the increase in traffic. Due to an increased awareness in environmentally friendlier transportation, traffic is only expected to increase further in the coming years. Governance techniques and maintenance cost ultimately depends on the client-contractor relationship through public procurement. Hence, there is a need to understand public procurement of railway infrastructure maintenance. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledge of public procurement of railway infrastructure maintenance. Three separate studies were conducted. Study 1 was a literature review to explore and determine the state-of-the-art for the field of public procurement of railway maintenance. Study 2 was a linear regression analysis to examine the relationship between contract design and the output of maintenance in Sweden. Study 3 was an interview study in Sweden that explored what factors that supports or hinders collaboration in railway maintenance.

The main results of these studies are that asset knowledge is important for both the client and the contractor. Through reliable asset knowledge, incentives and contracts can be designed to support governance and collaboration. Today, railway infrastructure maintenance is dominated by informal relationships that lack the support of formal partnering activities. When an informal relationship is supported by a formal structure it provides a basis for innovation. This formal structure should be centralized around gaining and sharing asset knowledge. By establishing such a system to increase the asset knowledge and supporting collaboration, public organizations of maintenance can provide a basis for the improvement of maintenance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2019
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Keywords
Public Procurement, Railway Maintenance, Supply Chain Management, Contract Design
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance
Research subject
Quality Technology & Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75657 (URN)978-91-7790-425-0 (ISBN)978-91-7790-426-7 (ISBN)
Presentation
2019-10-17, A109, Luleå, 09:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 47314Swedish Research Council Formas, 47314
Available from: 2019-08-23 Created: 2019-08-23 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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