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Twenty-three unsolved problems in hydrology (UPH) - a community perspective
Vienna Univ Technol, Inst Hydraul Engn & Water Resources Management, Vienna, Austria.
Univ Utrecht, Fac Geosci, Dept Phys Geog, Utrecht, Netherlands.
Univ Evora, Inst Earth Sci, Dept Geosci, Evora, Portugal.
INRA, UMR SAS 1069, Agrocampus Ouest, Rennes, France.
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2019 (English)In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, ISSN 0262-6667, E-ISSN 2150-3435, Vol. 64, no 10, p. 1141-1158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper is the outcome of a community initiative to identify major unsolved scientific problems in hydrology motivated by a need for stronger harmonisation of research efforts. The procedure involved a public consultation through online media, followed by two workshops through which a large number of potential science questions were collated, prioritised, and synthesised. In spite of the diversity of the participants (230 scientists in total), the process revealed much about community priorities and the state of our science: a preference for continuity in research questions rather than radical departures or redirections from past and current work. Questions remain focused on the process-based understanding of hydrological variability and causality at all space and time scales. Increased attention to environmental change drives a new emphasis on understanding how change propagates across interfaces within the hydrological system and across disciplinary boundaries. In particular, the expansion of the human footprint raises a new set of questions related to human interactions with nature and water cycle feedbacks in the context of complex water management problems. We hope that this reflection and synthesis of the 23 unsolved problems in hydrology will help guide research efforts for some years to come.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2019. Vol. 64, no 10, p. 1141-1158
Keywords [en]
hydrology, science questions, research agenda, interdisciplinary, knowledge gaps
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-391022DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2019.1620507ISI: 000474098900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-391022DiVA, id: diva2:1344213
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved

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