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Intensification of lignocellulosic bioethanol production process using multi-staged membrane bioreactors
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The exploitation of lignocellulosic materials with the aim of producing high value-added products will potentially counteract concerns related to the depletion of fossil resources or exponential population growth. Bioethanol produced from lignocellulosic agriculture residue exhibits promising alternative to the petroleum-based fossil fuel which reduces net emission of greenhouse gases (GHG). But, due to certain technological barriers, the large scale production of lignocellulosic bioethanol has not been successfully commercialized. In this thesis, membrane filtration as an energy efficient separation process with low environmental impact was chosen with a possibility of improvement. Interconnected multi-staged microfiltration submerged membrane bioreactors (MBRs) set-up has been applied in order to separate suspended solids, obtain high concentration of yeast inside the bioreactor, and recover particle-free ethanol stream in a continuous high productivity process. The MBRs were effectively optimized comparing to different constant permeate fluxes of 21.9 LMH, 36.4 LMH, and 51 LMH. Moreover, membrane bioreactor performed effectively at low flux 21.9 LMH up to 262 h comparing to other applied fluxes. During continuous hydrolysis, membrane showed the capability of lignin recovery nearly 70% of medium SS content in all applied flux. Although the conversion rate of total sugars by concentrated cells were similar, yeast cells proved the capability of inhibitor tolerance, and to co-utilize 100% of glucose and up to 89% of xylose, resulted in bioethanol volumetric productivity of 0.78 g ethanol/l per hour 1.3 g ethanol/l per hour and 1.8 g ethanol/l per hour for 21.9 LMH, 36.4 LMH, and 51 LMH respectively. Moreover, the effect of different factors such as filtration flux, medium quality and backwashing on fouling and cake-layer formation in submerged MBRs during continuous filtration was thoroughly studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Interconnected continuous hydrolysis and fermentation, lignocellulosic bioethanol, Membrane bioreactors, process intensification, lignin recovery, membrane fouling.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21635OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21635DiVA, id: diva2:1344184
Subject / course
Resource Recovery
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-26 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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