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Empirical Study on the Size of Nonresponse Bias
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
Department of Statistics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5657-0342.
2018 (English)In: JSM Proceedings, Survey Research Methods Section, Alexandria, VA, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There are expressions for nonresponse bias, all of which require population quantities. In one expression for nonresponse bias, due to Bethlehem (1988, 2009), the bias is approximately equal to a function of the population covariance between the study variable and the response propensity (probability) and the population mean of the propensities. The covariance is hard to estimate (due to nonresponse). To empirically examine the covariance and the nonresponse bias, we have done two studies where the sample values of survey variables are known and the response propensities are estimated.The first study is a mail survey of a population of residents in the city of Solna in Sweden,20-74 years of age. The questionnaire consists of items on marital status and income; we have obtained the true values of those from the Swedish Tax Agency. We also know birth country, the type of area of residents, specific age and gender of each sampled individual.The second study is a web survey at Stockholm University, the population is faculty employees at the department of psychology. This survey is a census and the variables that we regard as our study variables are income from university and total income. The true values of income from university are given by the HR-department and total income from the Tax Agency.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Alexandria, VA, 2018.
Keywords [en]
nonresponse bias, true values, mail survey
National Category
Other Social Sciences Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-75837ISBN: 978-0-9839375-8-6 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-75837DiVA, id: diva2:1343978
Conference
Joint Statistical Meetings 2018, Vancouver, Canada, July 28 - August 2, 2018
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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