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Nature-Based Interventions for Improving Health and Wellbeing: The Purpose, the People and the Outcomes
Zealandia Ctr People & Nat, Wellington 6012, New Zealand.
Univ Wollongong, Sch Hlth & Soc, Populat Wellbeing & Environm Res Lab PowerLab, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.
Univ Queensland, Sch Publ Hlth, Brisbane, Qld 4006, Australia.
Australian Coll Appl Psychol, Discipline Psychol, Brisbane, Qld 4000, Australia.
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2019 (English)In: SPORTS, ISSN 2075-4663, Vol. 7, no 6, article id 141Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Engagement with nature is an important part of many people's lives, and the health and wellbeing benefits of nature-based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature experiences. Nature-based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a somewhat structured promotion of nature-based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process with 19 experts from seven countries (all named authors on this paper) to identify the different forms that such interventions take, the potential health outcomes and the target beneficiaries. In total, 27 NBIs were identified, aiming to prevent illness, promote wellbeing and treat specific physical, mental or social health and wellbeing conditions. These interventions were broadly categorized into those that change the environment in which people live, work, learn, recreate or heal (for example, the provision of gardens in hospitals or parks in cities) and those that change behaviour (for example, engaging people through organized programmes or other activities). We also noted the range of factors (such as socioeconomic variation) that will inevitably influence the extent to which these interventions succeed. We conclude with a call for research to identify the drivers influencing the effectiveness of NBIs in enhancing health and wellbeing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 7, no 6, article id 141
Keywords [en]
Nature-based health interventions, green prescriptions, wilderness therapy, forest schools, green exercise
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390650DOI: 10.3390/sports7060141ISI: 000473799400014PubMedID: 31185675OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390650DiVA, id: diva2:1343765
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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