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Chromatography of Therapeutic Peptides - Contrasting SFC and HPLC
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Farmakognosi.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This work is a comparison of a well-established and a novel, "green" and efficient technique to separate peptides of pharmaceutical interest. An attempt is made to derive the chromatographic retention behaviour from these techniques to a number of property descriptors derived from the linear sequence of amino acids. A set of therapeutic peptides were carefully chosen to be experimentally evaluated using in silico-based descriptor calculations. A principle component analysis was performed to assess the distribution of calculated descriptors for including peptides with variable properties. A diluent optimization study was also included to find the optimal diluent for peptides with minimal diluent effects and peak splitting phenomena. The results showed that the solvents tert-butanol and methanol performed best between 20-30 and 50 volumetric percent water as additive in SFC and HPLC, respectively. These diluents were then used for the peptides within the set to evaluate the retention and selectivity in HPLC and SFC. SFC performed well in terms of resolving power. Inparticular, SFC was able to separate Leuprolide and Triptorelin while HPLC was not. A comparison was also made in between the two stationary phases CN and XT, where a global selectivity was shown to be higher for CN.

This work does also assess a novel method for determining solubility of analytes in supercritical fluid. The method was evaluated using the pharmaceutical compounds caffeine and aspirin and then used to determine solubility of Leu-Enkephalin in 20% (v/v%) methanol. The solubility of caffeine was determined to be 0.45 mg ml-1 in pure SF-CO2 under 140 bar pressure and 3.9 mg ml-1 for aspirin in 2.4% methanol. Both values correlated well with measurements from four acknowledged papers within this field. Leu-Enkephalin was found to have a solubility of 1.90 mg ml-1 using a solvent corresponding to the initial phase condition of the gradient used for peptide analysis in SFC. Further experimental work is required before the method can be implemented as a useful tool in preparative chromatography, however the results presented here show the compatibility of assessing biomolecules in both pure SF-CO2 and mixed with modifier. The possibility to determine solubility with additional modifier infers an important step of including and evaluating these compounds creating a solid support to subsequent large scale separation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Series
UPTEC X ; 19036
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390890OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390890DiVA, id: diva2:1343046
External cooperation
Early Chemical Development, Pharmaceutical Sciences, BioPharmaceuticals R&D, AstraZeneca
Educational program
Molecular Biotechnology Engineering Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-16 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Industrial BiotechnologyBiochemistry and Molecular BiologyMedical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies

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