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Vad motiverar professionella i olika karriärstadier?
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What motivates professionals in various career stages? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Motivation är ett relevant ämne för att företag ska kunna motivera och styra anställda på ett optimalt sätt. Anställda som är motiverade är mer produktiva (Linder, 1998) och det leder till att organisation gynnas genom en ökad prestation (Sekhar, Patwardhan, & Singh, 2013). Det finns många faktorer att ta hänsyn till när människors motivation studeras, exempelvis kan typ av målgrupp påverka hur motivationen ser ut. Syftet med studien är att utforska vad professionella motiveras av och vidare undersöka om motivationen skiljer sig mellan olika karriärstadier, med hänsyn till både ålder och titel, och i så fall hur. Utefter det teoretiska ramverket som delat in motivation i inre och yttre motivation har sedan hypoteserna utvecklats. Hypoteserna har vidare testats med en validerad skala (Amabile, Hill, Hennessey, & Tighe, 1994). Uppsatsen baseras på en enkätundersökning med professionella akademiker inom företagsekonomi som målgrupp, vilket resulterade i 134 svarande. Datamaterialet har sedan genom en explorativ faktoranalys kunnat dela in motivation i fem faktorer; kontroll och förståelse, erkännande, motprestation, problemlösning samt belåtenhet. Utfallet av studien visar att det inte kan fastställas att det finns samband mellan karriärstadier och titel. Däremot kan det fastställas att professionella är mer inre motiverade individer utifrån målgruppen akademiker inom företagsekonomi.

Abstract [en]

What motivates professionals in various career stages? Motivation is a relevant subject for companies to motivate and direct employees in an optimal way. Employees that are motivated are also more productive (Linder, 1998), benefitting the organization with an overall increased performance (Sekhar, Patwardhan, & Singh, 2013). There are several factors to consider when studying the motivation of people, e.g. the type of target group can affect the motivation. The aim of this study is to investigate what professionals are motivated by and further study the difference in motivation between various career stages, regarding age and title, to study their effects. The hypotheses were put forth in accordance with the framework that divides motivation into intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Furthermore, the hypotheses were tested with a validated scale (Amabile, Hill, Hennessey, & Tighe, 1994). The study is based on inquiries of professional academics within the business field of study, with 134 respondents. With an exploratory factor analysis, the motivation was divided into five factors; control and understanding, recognition, return, problem solving, and contentment. The results of the study show that the correlation between career stages and title are inconclusive. However, it was determined that professional academics, within the business field of study, are more intrinsically motivated individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 83
Keywords [en]
Motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, professions, career stages, job satisfaction, academics
Keywords [sv]
Motivation, Inre motivation, Yttre motivation, Professioner, Karriärsstadier, Arbetstillfredsställelse, Akademiker
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159660ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-G--19/02050--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159660DiVA, id: diva2:1343043
Subject / course
Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration (Kandidatuppsats i Företagsekonomi)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-15 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved

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