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Laver, då som nu: En fallstudie om efterbehandlingens vikt vid planering av gruvor
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Laver : A Case Study on the Importance of After-Treatment When Planing Mines (English)
Abstract [sv]

Ökad efterfråga på koppar har inneburit att man börjat prospektera områden där kopparhalten är låg. Ett sådant område är Laver i Älvsbyn kommun där Boliden vill etablera ett dagbrott i vad som förut var ett gruvsamhälle men nu står övergivet. Den planerade gruvan orsakar konflikter med närliggande rennäring, Natura 2000-områden samt har konsekvenser för miljön och samhället i Älvsbyn. Denna rapport undersöker effekterna av den tidigare och planerade gruvan i Laver med fokus på hur efterbehandling ska gå till och hur den påverkar olika aktörer. Materialet är hämtat från litteratur, intervjuer och ett fältarbete i Laver och har resulterat i en scenarioanalys där påverkan på miljön, rennäring och samhället värderats. Om en gruva etableras i Laver kan gruvavfallet tas hand om av Boliden och det finns idéer om hur en efterbehandling kan tillgodose kommunens behov men projektet riskerar att slå ut rennäringen. Det är därför viktigt att konsekvenserna vägs utifrån ett helhetsperspektiv där alla aktörers intressen tillgodoses.

Abstract [en]

An increasing demand for copper has led to the prospecting of areas with low copper content. One such area is Laver in Älvsbyn municipality where Boliden Mineral AB wants to establish an open pit mine in what was once an old mining settlement. The planned mine causes conflicts with nearby reindeer husbandry, Natura 2000-areas and has consequences for the environment as well as the society in Älvsbyn. This report examines the effects of both the old and planned mine in Laver, with a focus on the after-treatment and how the concerned agents become affected by a new mine. A scenario analysis was made by gathering information from literature, interviews and a field work at the mining site. This scenario analysis compares and values the impact on the local environment, reindeer herding and society. The planned mine will be on a larger scale than the old one and will therefore have to take more aspects of future impacts into account. If a mine is established in Laver, most of the waste can be taken care of by Boliden. There are some ideas on how the after-treatment can meet the needs of the municipality, but the reindeer husbandry is at great risk of vanishing from the area. Hence, it’s of importance that future consequences are weighed from a holistic perspective where the interests of all agents are met.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 52
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 19523
Keywords [en]
Laver, copper mine, after-treatment, agents’ perspective, impact assessment
Keywords [sv]
Laver, koppargruva, efterbehandling, aktörsperspektiv. konsekvensbeskrivning
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255886DiVA, id: diva2:1342719
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-14 Created: 2019-08-14 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved

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