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Weather and climate forecasting with neural networks: using general circulation models (GCMs) with different complexity as a study ground
Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, Stockholm, Sweden;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2032-5211
2019 (English)In: Geoscientific Model Development, ISSN 1991-959X, E-ISSN 1991-9603, Vol. 12, no 7, p. 2797-2809Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, there has been growing interest in the possibility of using neural networks for both weather forecasting and the generation of climate datasets. We use a bottom-up approach for assessing whether it should, in principle, be possible to do this. We use the relatively simple general circulation models (GCMs) PUMA and PLASIM as a simplified reality on which we train deep neural networks, which we then use for predicting the model weather at lead times of a few days. We specifically assess how the complexity of the climate model affects the neural network's forecast skill and how dependent the skill is on the length of the provided training period. Additionally, we show that using the neural networks to reproduce the climate of general circulation models including a seasonal cycle remains challenging - in contrast to earlier promising results on a model without seasonal cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
COPERNICUS GESELLSCHAFT MBH , 2019. Vol. 12, no 7, p. 2797-2809
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Climate Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390793DOI: 10.5194/gmd-12-2797-2019ISI: 000474740000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390793DiVA, id: diva2:1342697
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-03724Available from: 2019-08-14 Created: 2019-08-14 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved

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