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Data representation for fluorescence guided stereotactic brain tumor biopsies: Development and evaluation of a visual and auditory user interface
Linköping University, Department of Biomedical Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background and Objective In stereotactic brain tumor biopsies, the combination of real-time fluorescence spectroscopy with the detection of microvascular perfusion using laser Doppler flowmetry provides an improved localization of the brain tumor while decreasing the risk of intra-cranial hemorrhage. The surgeon using the measurement probe is required to view signal values on a screen or usually, when her or his visual focus is directed at the patient, the verbal feedback of a biomedical engineer who is monitoring the measurement signals is needed. In this process possible important information can be overlooked and time is lost. The aim of the thesis was the development a visual and auditory user interface (UI) for use in stereotactic brain tumor biopsies.

Materials and Methods The system translates the fluorescence intensity of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) into sound and visual indicators that are easy and fast to recognize and transmits warning signals in case of signal error or the detection of microvascular perfusion. The increasing and de-creasing fluorescence values at tumor margins were reproduced to improve the precision of de-tecting varying fluorescence intensities when entering tumor tissue with color gradient models. The algorithm produced five signal values when specific fluorescence intensities were measured and compared at different wavelengths.For the development of the UI, a user-centered design was implemented. The user-, operating room- and safety requirements were gathered by communicating with the biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons who had experience in working with fluorescence guided brain tumor biop-sies. The requirements were considered when designing the UI’s features in LabVIEW and the auditory feedback was generated using OSC (Open Sound Control). The user interface intended to deliver measurement data to the user that triggered a high response accuracy by being easy to understand while inducing high user acceptance. The user interaction and function response accuracy of the visual and auditory interface were evaluated in statistical tests where operating room situations were mimicked. The user acceptance of the UI was evaluated.

Results Signals for no, low (increasing and decreasing) and high fluorescence indicators, as well as two warning indicators for a blocked signal and vessel occurrence were represented visually and auditorially by the user interface. An intensity/time graph and intensity/wavelength graph, along with the option of recording measurement files and opening saved files allowed the inspec-tion of detailed measurement values. The user study exhibited auditory response accuracy of 95 ± 3% in the intuition test and 91±16% in a memory test. The testing of the response accuracy of the individual signal values displayed accurate responses in 84% to 100% of times a signal was played back. The user acceptance rating of the auditory and visual interface showed no negative results.

Conclusion A UI was developed to visually and auditorially represent measurement values to a neurosurgeon performing a stereotactic brain tumor biopsy procedure and biomedical engineers monitoring the measurement signals. The visual display was successful in representing data in a way that was easy to understand. The auditory interface showed high response accuracies for the individual tones representing measurement values. The majority of the test subjects per-ceived the signals to be intuitive, easy to understand and easy to remember. The auditory and visual UI showed high user acceptance ratings, indicating that the user interface was useful and satisfactory in its application.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Fluorescence spectroscopy, stereotactic brain tumor biopsies, intraoperative monitoring, user interface, auditory and visual data representation
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159618ISRN: LIU-IMT-TFK-G-E—18/44--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159618DiVA, id: diva2:1342598
Subject / course
Biomedical Instrumentation
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-08-14 Created: 2019-08-14 Last updated: 2019-08-14Bibliographically approved

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Department of Biomedical EngineeringFaculty of Science & Engineering
Medical Engineering

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