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The Costs of Living with Floods in the Jamuna Floodplain in Bangladesh
IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands;Univ Amsterdam, Fac Social & Behav Sci, NL-1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands.
IHE Delft Inst Water Educ, Dept Integrated Water Syst & Governance, NL-2611 AX Delft, Netherlands.
KTH, Dept Sustainable Dev Environm Sci & Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
Deltares, NL-2600 MH Delft, Netherlands.
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2019 (English)In: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 11, no 6, article id 1238Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bangladeshi people use multiple strategies to live with flooding events and associated riverbank erosion. They relocate, evacuate their homes temporarily, change cropping patterns, and supplement their income from migrating household members. In this way, they can reduce the negative impact of floods on their livelihoods. However, these societal responses also have negative outcomes, such as impoverishment. This research collects quantitative household data and analyzes changes of livelihood conditions over recent decades in a large floodplain area in north-west Bangladesh. It is found that while residents cope with flooding events, they do not achieve successful adaptation. With every flooding, people lose income and assets, which they can only partially recover. As such, they are getting poorer, and therefore less able to make structural adjustments that would allow adaptation in the longer term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 6, article id 1238
Keywords [en]
flooding, erosion, coping, adaptation, Jamuna River, Bangladesh
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390698DOI: 10.3390/w11061238ISI: 000475346300126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390698DiVA, id: diva2:1342517
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 771678Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved

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