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Violence in the city that belongs to no one: urban distinctiveness and interconnected insecurities in Nairobi (Kenya)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5673-9056
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7167-609X
2019 (English)In: Conflict, Security and Development, ISSN 1467-8802, E-ISSN 1478-1174, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 347-370Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rapid urbanisation in the global South has prompted attention to the causes and dynamics of urban violence. Yet, much research tends to either analyse urban violence without attention to the broader conflict complexes of which it forms a part, neglecting linkages between different forms of urban violence and between urban and rural dynamics, or conversely study violence in cities without acknowledging the particularities of the urban context. In this article, we conceptualise urban violence, theorise how it is shaped by urban dynamics and explore its manifestations in Nairobi, Kenya. We find that while Nairobi is not uniquely violent inside Kenya, violence takes on distinct urban forms given citylevel processes, and also that urban violence has led to policies that increase securitisation and militarisation of the city. Our analysis thus improves knowledge of how criminal and political violence is shaped by and shapes the stability of developing cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 19, no 4, p. 347-370
Keywords [en]
urban; city; violence; Nairobi; electoral violence; police
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390161DOI: 10.1080/14678802.2019.1640493ISI: 000478925800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390161DiVA, id: diva2:1340739
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-00290Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P16-0124:1Available from: 2019-08-06 Created: 2019-08-06 Last updated: 2019-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Elfversson, EmmaHöglund, Kristine
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