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Nocturnal boundary layer turbulence regimes analysis during the BLLAST campaign
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2019 (English)In: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 19, p. 9495-9514Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A night-time turbulence regime classification, the so-called “HOckey-Stick Transition ” (HOST) theory, proposed by Sun et al. (2012) from the Cooperative Atmosphere–Surface Exchange Study-1999 (CASES-99) is explored using data from the Boundary-Layer Late Afternoon and Sunset Turbulence (BLLAST) field campaign which took place during summer 2011 in the central French Pyrenean foothills. Results show that the HOST turbulence relationships for the BLLAST field campaign data are strongly dependent on both the meteorological and orographic features. The HOST pattern only appears for nights when a stably stratified boundary layer can be developed, corresponding to fairweather and clear-sky nights, when the flow is generated by the nearby orography, from the south and the south-east. Those flows strongly influenced by the orography may generate intermittent or enhanced turbulence. When considering the whole nocturnal dataset for these flow directions, several enhanced turbulence points are found to be associated with sudden wind speed and directional shear transitions. In contrast, flows from other directions do not reproduce the HOST relationships and the turbulence relationship is almost linear, independent of vertical temperature gradients, corresponding to flows driven by synoptic scales. In addition we identify examples of gravity waves and top-down turbulent events that lead to transitions between the turbulence regimes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 19, p. 9495-9514
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject
Meteorology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390057DOI: 10.5194/acp-19-9495-2019ISI: 000477623500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-390057DiVA, id: diva2:1340267
Available from: 2019-08-03 Created: 2019-08-03 Last updated: 2019-09-20Bibliographically approved

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Yus-Díez, JesúsUdina, MireiaNilsson, ErikBech, Joan
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