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The Science of Deodorants
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH).
2019 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Deodorantens vetenskap (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Deodorants are cosmetic products that are consumed by people regularly and globally. In this thesis, the opportunities to develop a deodorant for the Swedish cosmetics brand IDUN Minerals AB is investigated. The deodorant market in Swedish pharmacies, deodorant formulation and deodorant packaging are studied. Furthermore, controversial ingredients, such as synthetic aluminum compounds, are explored.

The scientific aspects of using synthetic aluminum compounds, which are used as antiperspirant in deodorants, are investigated. There is a general fear that they may increasethe risk of developing breast cancer. However, after a full review of exciting scientific evidence, it is clear that there is currently no study that can prove or disprove the suspicions. The use of aluminum-based antiperspirants therefore continues to be a controversial topic.

The conclusion of this thesis is that there is a market opening for IDUN Minerals, especially since they aim for a synthetic aluminum-free, unperfumed and preservative-free deodorant. Furthermore, it is concluded that a Nordic Swan Ecolabel would make their product uniquein its product category. Lastly, it is determined that traditional plastic packaging is more accessible and possesses many favorable properties, but that bioplastics should be further researched.

Abstract [sv]

Deodoranter är kosmetiska produkter som dagligen används av människor världen över. I denna rapport undersöks möjligheterna att implementera en deodorant i det svenska kosmetikföretaget IDUN Minerals AB:s produktsortiment. I rapporten kartläggs deodorantsortimentet på svenska apotek, samtidigt som deodoranters innehåll och paketering undersökts. Vidare granskas kontroversiella ingredienser, såsom syntetiska aluminiumföreningar.

Syntetiska aluminiumföreningar, vilka används som antiperspiranter i deodoranter, misstänks öka risken för bröstcancer hos människor. Efter en fullständig genomgång av befintliga studier kan det dock fastställas att det inte finns någon studie som kan bevisa eller motbevisa misstankarna. Användningen av aluminiumbaserade antiperspiranter fortsätter därför att vara ett kontroversiellt ämne.

Slutsatsen av denna rapport är att det finns en marknadsöppning för IDUN Minerals, särskilt eftersom företaget strävar mot en deodorant utan syntetiska aluminumsalter, parfym eller konserveringsmedel. Dessutom kan slutsatsen dras att en eventuell Svanen-märkning skulle göra deodoranten unik i sin produktkategori. Slutligen har det fastställts att traditionella plastförpackningar är mer tillgängliga och att de erbjuder fördelaktiga egenskaper, men att bioplaster fortfarande bör undersökas ytterligare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Deodorant, antiperspirant, axilla, aluminum
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-255614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-255614DiVA, id: diva2:1340061
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Available from: 2019-08-01 Created: 2019-08-01 Last updated: 2019-08-01Bibliographically approved

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